PRLIMIT(1)                       User Commands                      PRLIMIT(1)

       prlimit - get and set process resource limits

       prlimit [options] [--resource[=limits] [--pid PID]

       prlimit [options] [--resource[=limits] command [argument...]

       Given a process ID and one or more resources, prlimit tries to retrieve
       and/or modify the limits.

       When command is given, prlimit will run this command with the given

       The limits parameter is composed of a soft and a hard value, separated
       by a colon (:), in order to modify the existing values.  If no limits
       are given, prlimit will display the current values.  If one of the
       values is not given, then the existing one will be used.  To specify
       the unlimited or infinity limit (RLIM_INFINITY), the -1 or 'unlimited'
       string can be passed.

       Because of the nature of limits, the soft limit must be lower or equal
       to the high limit (also called the ceiling).  To see all available
       resource limits, refer to the RESOURCE OPTIONS section.

       soft:hard    Specify both limits.

       soft:        Specify only the soft limit.

       :hard        Specify only the hard limit.

       value        Specify both limits to the same value.

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.

              Do not print a header line.

       -o, --output list
              Define the output columns to use.  If no output arrangement is
              specified, then a default set is used.  Use --help to get a list
              of all supported columns.

       -p, --pid
              Specify the process id; if none is given, the running process
              will be used.

       --raw  Use the raw output format.

              Verbose mode.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

       -c, --core[=limits]
              Maximum size of a core file.

       -d, --data[=limits]
              Maximum data size.

       -e, --nice[=limits]
              Maximum nice priority allowed to raise.

       -f, --fsize[=limits]
              Maximum file size.

       -i, --sigpending[=limits]
              Maximum number of pending signals.

       -l, --memlock[=limits]
              Maximum locked-in-memory address space.

       -m, --rss[=limits]
              Maximum Resident Set Size (RSS).

       -n, --nofile[=limits]
              Maximum number of open files.

       -q, --msgqueue[=limits]
              Maximum number of bytes in POSIX message queues.

       -r, --rtprio[=limits]
              Maximum real-time priority.

       -s, --stack[=limits]
              Maximum size of the stack.

       -t, --cpu[=limits]
              CPU time, in seconds.

       -u, --nproc[=limits]
              Maximum number of processes.

       -v, --as[=limits]
              Address space limit.

       -x, --locks[=limits]
              Maximum number of file locks held.

       -y, --rttime[=limits]
              Timeout for real-time tasks.

       prlimit --pid 13134
              Display limit values for all current resources.

       prlimit --pid 13134 --rss --nofile=1024:4095
              Display the limits of the RSS, and set the soft and hard limits
              for the number of open files to 1024 and 4095, respectively.

       prlimit --pid 13134 --nproc=512:
              Modify only the soft limit for the number of processes.

       prlimit --pid $$ --nproc=unlimited
              Set for the current process both the soft and ceiling values for
              the number of processes to unlimited.

       prlimit --cpu=10 sort -u hugefile
              Set both the soft and hard CPU time limit to ten seconds and run

       ulimit(1), prlimit(2)

       The prlimit system call is supported since Linux 2.6.36, older kernels
       will break this program.

       Davidlohr Bueso <> - In memory of Dennis M. Ritchie.

       The prlimit command is part of the util-linux package and is available

util-linux                         July 2014                        PRLIMIT(1)