RIPQUERY(8)                Merit GateDaemon Project                RIPQUERY(8)

       ripquery - query RIP gateways

       ripquery [ -1 ] [ -2 ] [ -[a5] authkey ] [ -n ] [ -N dest[/mask] [ -p ]
       [ -r ] [ -v ] [ -w time ] gateway ...

       Ripquery is used to request all routes known by a RIP gateway by
       sending a RIP request or POLL command. The routing information in any
       routing packets returned is displayed numerically and symbolically.
       Ripquery is intended to be used as a tool for debugging gateways, not
       for network management. SNMP is the preferred protocol for network

       Ripquery by default uses the RIP POLL command, which is an undocumented
       extension to the RIP specification supported by routed on SunOS 3.x and
       later and by gated 1.4 and later.  The RIP POLL command is preferred
       over the RIP REQUEST command because it is not subject to Split Horizon
       and/or Poisoned Reverse. See the RIP RFC for more information.

       -1     Send the query as a version 1 packet.

       -2     Send the query as a version 2 packet (default).

       -[a5] authkey
              Specifies the authentication password to use for queries. If -a
              specified, an authentication type of SIMPLE will be used, if -5
              is specified, an authentication type of MD5 will be used,
              otherwise the default is an authentication type of NONE.
              Authentication fields in incoming packets will be displayed, but
              not validated.

       -n     Prevents the address of the responding host from being looked up
              to determine the symbolic name.

       -N dest[/mask]
              Specifies that the query should be for the specified dest/mask
              instead of complete routing table. The specification of the
              optional mask implies a version 2 query. Up to 23 requests about
              specific destinations may be include in one packet.

       -p     Uses the RIP POLL command to request information from the
              routing table. This is the default, but is an undocumented
              extension supported only by some versions of SunOS 3.x and later
              versions of gated. If there is no response to the RIP POLL
              command, the RIP REQUEST command is tried. Gated responds to a
              POLL command with all the routes learned via RIP.

       -r     Used the RIP REQUEST command to request information from the
              gateway's routing table. Unlike the RIP POLL command, all
              gateways should support the RIP REQUEST. If there is no response
              to the RIP REQUEST command, the RIP POLL command is tried. Gated
              responds to a REQUEST command with all the routes he anounces
              out the specified interface. Due to limitations in the UDP
              interface, on systems based on BSD 4.3 Reno or earlier, REQUESTs
              respond about the interface used to route packets back to the
              sender. This can be avoided by running ripquery on the host
              being queried.

       -v     Version information about ripquery is displayed before querying
              the gateways.

       -w time
              Specifies the time in seconds to wait for the initial response
              from a gateway. The default value is 5 seconds.

       Jeffrey C Honig <>

       gated (8), gdc (8), ospf_monitor (8), routed (8),
       GateD Documentation
       GateD Configuration Guide

       Some versions of Unix do not allow looking up the symbolic name of a

       Copyright (c) 1996, 1997 The Regents of the University of Michigan
        All Rights Reserved

       License to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
       documentation can be obtained from Merit at the University of Michigan.

       This package and associated documentation is Copyright (c)
       1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995 Cornell University., all rights reserved.
       This software contains code that is Copyright (c) 1988 Regents of the
       University of California., all rights reserved.;

Release 3.5                 1995/04/19 18:42:22 UTC                RIPQUERY(8)