rmdir

RMDIR(2)                    Linux Programmer's Manual                   RMDIR(2)



NAME
       rmdir - delete a directory

SYNOPSIS
       #include <unistd.h>

       int rmdir(const char *pathname);

DESCRIPTION
       rmdir() deletes a directory, which must be empty.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set
       to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       EACCES Write access to the directory containing pathname was not allowed,
              or one of the directories in the path prefix of pathname did not
              allow search permission.  (See also path_resolution(7).)

       EBUSY  pathname is currently in use by the system or some process that
              prevents its removal.  On Linux, this means pathname is currently
              used as a mount point or is the root directory of the calling
              process.

       EFAULT pathname points outside your accessible address space.

       EINVAL pathname has .  as last component.

       ELOOP  Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving pathname.

       ENAMETOOLONG
              pathname was too long.

       ENOENT A directory component in pathname does not exist or is a dangling
              symbolic link.

       ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.

       ENOTDIR
              pathname, or a component used as a directory in pathname, is not,
              in fact, a directory.

       ENOTEMPTY
              pathname contains entries other than . and .. ; or, pathname has
              ..  as its final component.  POSIX.1 also allows EEXIST for this
              condition.

       EPERM  The directory containing pathname has the sticky bit (S_ISVTX) set
              and the process's effective user ID is neither the user ID of the
              file to be deleted nor that of the directory containing it, and
              the process is not privileged (Linux: does not have the CAP_FOWNER
              capability).

       EPERM  The filesystem containing pathname does not support the removal of
              directories.

       EROFS  pathname refers to a directory on a read-only filesystem.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4, 4.3BSD.

BUGS
       Infelicities in the protocol underlying NFS can cause the unexpected
       disappearance of directories which are still being used.

SEE ALSO
       rm(1), rmdir(1), chdir(2), chmod(2), mkdir(2), rename(2), unlink(2),
       unlinkat(2)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 5.13 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                              2021-03-22                           RMDIR(2)