rotatelogs

ROTATELOGS(8)                     rotatelogs                     ROTATELOGS(8)



NAME
       rotatelogs - Piped logging program to rotate Apache logs


SYNOPSIS
       rotatelogs [ -l ] [ -f ] logfile rotationtime|filesizeM [ offset ]



SUMMARY
       rotatelogs is a simple program for use in conjunction with Apache's
       piped logfile feature. It supports rotation based on a time interval or
       maximum size of the log.



OPTIONS
       -l     Causes the use of local time rather than GMT as the base for the
              interval or for strftime(3) formatting with size-based rotation.
              Note that using -l in an environment which changes the GMT
              offset (such as for BST or DST) can lead to unpredictable
              results!

       -f     Causes the logfile to be opened immediately, as soon as
              rotatelogs starts, instead of waiting for the first logfile
              entry to be read (for non-busy sites, there may be a substantial
              delay between when the server is started and when the first
              request is handled, meaning that the associated logfile does not
              "exist" until then, which causes problems from some automated
              logging tools). Available in version 2.2.9 and later.

       logfile

       rotationtime
              The time between log file rotations in seconds. The rotation
              occurs at the beginning of this interval. For example, if the
              rotation time is 3600, the log file will be rotated at the
              beginning of every hour; if the rotation time is 86400, the log
              file will be rotated every night at midnight. (If no data is
              logged during an interval, no file will be created.)

       filesizeM
              The maximum file size in megabytes followed by the letter M to
              specify size rather than time.

       offset The number of minutes offset from UTC. If omitted, zero is
              assumed and UTC is used. For example, to use local time in the
              zone UTC -5 hours, specify a value of -300 for this argument. In
              most cases, -l should be used instead of specifying an offset.


EXAMPLES
            CustomLog "|bin/rotatelogs /var/logs/logfile 86400" common



       This creates the files /var/logs/logfile.nnnn where nnnn is the system
       time at which the log nominally starts (this time will always be a
       multiple of the rotation time, so you can synchronize cron scripts with
       it). At the end of each rotation time (here after 24 hours) a new log
       is started.


            CustomLog "|bin/rotatelogs -l /var/logs/logfile.%Y.%m.%d 86400" common



       This creates the files /var/logs/logfile.yyyy.mm.dd where yyyy is the
       year, mm is the month, and dd is the day of the month. Logging will
       switch to a new file every day at midnight, local time.


            CustomLog "|bin/rotatelogs /var/logs/logfile 5M" common



       This configuration will rotate the logfile whenever it reaches a size
       of 5 megabytes.


            ErrorLog "|bin/rotatelogs /var/logs/errorlog.%Y-%m-%d-%H_%M_%S 5M"



       This configuration will rotate the error logfile whenever it reaches a
       size of 5 megabytes, and the suffix to the logfile name will be created
       of the form errorlog.YYYY-mm-dd-HH_MM_SS.


PORTABILITY
       The following logfile format string substitutions should be supported
       by all strftime(3) implementations, see the strftime(3) man page for
       library-specific extensions.


       · %A - full weekday name (localized)


       · %a - 3-character weekday name (localized)


       · %B - full month name (localized)


       · %b - 3-character month name (localized)


       · %c - date and time (localized)


       · %d - 2-digit day of month


       · %H - 2-digit hour (24 hour clock)


       · %I - 2-digit hour (12 hour clock)


       · %j - 3-digit day of year


       · %M - 2-digit minute


       · %m - 2-digit month


       · %p - am/pm of 12 hour clock (localized)


       · %S - 2-digit second


       · %U - 2-digit week of year (Sunday first day of week)


       · %W - 2-digit week of year (Monday first day of week)


       · %w - 1-digit weekday (Sunday first day of week)


       · %X - time (localized)


       · %x - date (localized)


       · %Y - 4-digit year


       · %y - 2-digit year


       · %Z - time zone name


       · %% - literal `%'




Apache HTTP Server                2010-11-06                     ROTATELOGS(8)