sane-sharp

sane-sharp(5)            SANE Scanner Access Now Easy            sane-sharp(5)



NAME
       sane-sharp - SANE backend for SHARP scanners

DESCRIPTION
       The sane-sharp library implements a SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy)
       backend that provides access to Sharp SCSI scanners.  This backend
       should be considered beta-quality software!  In the current state it is
       known to work with JX-610 and JX-250 scanners. It is prepared for usage
       with the JX-330 series scanners, but we are not able to test it with
       these devices.

       For other Sharp scanners, it may or may not work.

       At present, the following scanners are known to work with this backend.

              Vendor  Product id:
              -----   -----------
              Sharp   JX-610
              Sharp   JX-250
              Sharp   JX-320
              Sharp   JX-330
              Sharp   JX-350

       The following scanners are detected by the backend, but not tested:

              Vendor  Product id:
              -----   -----------
              Sharp   JX-325

DEVICE NAMES
       This backend expects device names of the form:

              special

       Where special is either the path-name for the special device that
       corresponds to a SCSI scanner. The special device name must be a
       generic SCSI device or a symlink to such a device.  Under Linux, such a
       device name could be /dev/sga or /dev/sge, for example.  See sane-
       scsi(5) for details.


SCAN OPTIONS
       Scan Mode (parameter --mode for scanimage). Possible settings:
              Lineart (1 bit black & white scans),
              Gray (8 bit gray scale scans),
              Lineart Color (bi-level color scans),
              Color (8 bit RGB scans).
       The default value is Color.

       Halftone Pattern (parameter --halftone-pattern for scanimage).
       Available only for the JX-330 series scanners.  Possible settings:
              none
              Dither Bayer
              Dither Spiral
              Dither Dispersed
              Error Diffusion
       The default value is none.

       Paper Source (parameter --source for scanimage). This option is only
       available, if an automatic document feeder or a transparency adapter is
       installed. Possible settings:
              Flatbed
              Automatic Document Feeder
              Transparency Adapter
       If an ADF or a transparency adapter is installed, using it is the
       default selection.

       Custom Gamma (parameter --custom-gamma for scanimage). This option
       determines whether a builtin or a custom gamma-table is used. Possible
       settings:
              yes enables custom gamma tables
              no enables a built gamma table

       Gamma (parameter --Gamma for scanimage). This option is only available,
       if Custom Gamma is set to no.  Possible values:
              1.0
              2.2
       The default value is 2.2. (The JX-250 and JX-350 have no built in gamma
       correction; for these scanner, a gamma table is downloaded to the
       scanner by the backend.)

       Gamma Table (parameter --gamma-table for scanimage). Allowed values:
       0..255; 256 numbers must be defined.  The default values are 0, 1, 2,
       .. 255 (i.e., gamma == 1). This table is only used for gray scale
       scans.

       Red Gamma Table (paramter --red-gamma-table for scanimage). Allowed
       values: 0..255; 256 numbers must be defined.  The default values are 0,
       1, 2, .. 255 (i.e., gamma == 1).

       Green Gamma Table (paramter --green-gamma-table for scanimage). Allowed
       values: 0..255; 256 numbers must be defined.  The default values are 0,
       1, 2, .. 255 (i.e., gamma == 1).

       Blue Gamma Table (paramter --blue-gamma-table for scanimage). Allowed
       values: 0..255; 256 numbers must be defined.  The default values are 0,
       1, 2, .. 255 (i.e., gamma == 1).

       Resolution in pixel per inch (parameter --resolution for scanimage).
       Selects the resolution of the scanned image. Allowed values:
              30..600 (JX-330, JX-350 and JX-610) resp.  30..400 (JX-250)
       The default value is 150.

       Scan Window

       The possible settings depend on the scanner model and, for the JX-250
       and the JX-350, also on the usage of the automatic document feeder
       resp. the transparency adapter. Please refer to the values allowed by
       xscanimage, or xsane. With scanimage, enter one of the following
       commands:

              scanimage -d sharp --source "Automatic Document Feeder" --help

              scanimage -d sharp --source Flatbed --help

              scanimage -d sharp --source "Transparency Adapter" --help

       in order to see the allowed parameter values for the scan window.

       The scan window parameters are:

              Top-left x position of scan area (parameter -l for scanimage);
              Top-left y position of scan area (parameter -t for scanimage);
              bottom right x position of scan area (parameter -x for
              scanimage);
              bottom right y position of scan area (parameter -y for
              scanimage);

       Edge emphasis (parameter --Edge emphasis for scanimage). This option is
       not available for the JX-250 and the JX-350.  Possible settings:
              None
              Middle
              Strong
              Blur
       The default value is None.

       Threshold (parameter --threshold for scanimage). Sets the threshold for
       black and white pixels in lineart mode. Possible values:
              1..255
       The default value is 128.  This option is only available in scan mode
       lineart.

       Threshold Red (parameter --threshold-red for scanimage). Sets the
       threshold for the red component of a pixel in in lineart color scan
       mode. Possible values:
              1..255
       The default value is 128.  This option is only available in scan mode
       color lineart.

       Threshold Green (parameter --threshold-green for scanimage). Sets the
       threshold for the green component of a pixel in in lineart color scan
       mode. Possible values:
              1..255
       The default value is 128.  This option is only available in scan mode
       color lineart.

       Threshold Blue (parameter --threshold-blue for scanimage). Sets the
       threshold for the blue component of a pixel in in lineart color scan
       mode. Possible values:
              1..255
       The default value is 128.  This option is only available in scan mode
       color lineart.

       Light Color (parameter --LightColor for scanimage). Sets the color of
       the light source. Possible values:
              white
              red
              green
              blue
       The default value is white.  This option is only available in scan
       modes lineart color and color.


ADF USAGE
       If a paper jam occured, the maintenance cover must be opened and
       closed, even if the jammed paper can be removed without opening the
       maintenance cover. Otherwise, the error condition cannot be cleared.


CONFIGURATION
       The contents of the sharp.conf file is a list of options and device
       names that correspond to Sharp scanners. Empty lines and lines
       beginning with a hash mark (#) are ignored. See sane-scsi(5) for
       details about device names.

       Lines setting an option start with the key word option, followed by the
       option's name and the option's value. At present, three options are
       defined: buffers, buffersize, and readqueue.

       Options defined at the start of sharp.conf apply to all devices;
       options defined after a device name apply to this device.

       The options buffers and readqueue are only significant if the backend
       has been compiled so that for each scan a second process is forked
       (switch USE_FORK in sharp.c ). This process reads the scan data from
       the scanner and writes this data into a block of shared memory.  The
       parent process reads the data from this memory block and delivers it to
       the frontend. The options control the size and usage of this shared
       memory block.

       option buffers defines the number of buffers used. The smallest number
       allowed is 2.

       option buffersize defines the size of one buffer. Since each buffer is
       filled with a single read command sent to the scanner, its size is
       limited automatically to the size allowed by the operating system or by
       the Sane SCSI library for SCSI read commands. A buffer size of 128 kB
       or 256 kB is recommended for scan resolutions of 300 dpi and above.

       option readqueue defines how many read commands to be sent to the
       scanner are queued. At present, the Sane SCSI library supports queued
       read commands only for for Linux. For other operating systems, option
       readqueue should be set to 0. For Linux, option readqueue should be set
       to 2. Larger values than 2 for option readqueue are not reasonable in
       most cases.  option buffers should be greater than option readqueue.


Performance Considarations
       This section focuses on the problem of stops of the scanner's carriage
       during a scan. Carriage stops happen mainly with the JX-250. This
       scanner has obviously only a small internal buffer compared to its
       speed. That means that the backend must read the data as fast as
       possible from the scanner in order to avoid carriage stops.

       Even the JX-250 needs only less than 10 seconds for a 400 dpi A4 gray
       scale scan, which results in a data transfer rate of more than 1.6 MB
       per second. This means that the data produced by the scanner must be
       processed fairly fast. Due to the small internal buffer of the JX-250,
       the backend must issue a read request for the next data block as soon
       as possible after reading a block of data in order to avoid carriage
       stops.

       Stops of the carriage can be caused by the following reasons:

              - too much "traffic" on the SCSI bus
              - slow responses by the backend to the scanner,
              - a program which processes the data aquired by the backend too
              slow.

       Too much "traffic" on the SCSI bus: This happens for example, if hard
       disks are connected to the same SCSI bus as the scanner, and when data
       transfer from/to these hard disks requires a considerable part of the
       SCSI bandwidth during a scan. If this is the case, you should consider
       to connect the scanner to a separate SCSI adapter.

       Slow responses by the backend to the scanner: Unfortunately, Unix-like
       operating systems generally have no real time capabilities.  Thus there
       is no guarantee that the backend is under any circumstances able to
       communicate with the scanner as fast as required. To minimize this
       problem, the backend should be compiled so that a separate reader
       process is forked: Make sure that USE_FORK is defined when you compile
       sharp.c.  If slow responses of the backend remain to be problem, you
       could try to reduce the load of the system. Even while the backend and
       the reader process need only a minor amount of processor time, other
       running processes can cause an increase in the time delay between two
       time slices given to the reader process. On slower systems, such an
       increased delay can be enough to cause a carriage stop with the JX-250.
       For Linux, the usage of the SG driver version 2.1.36 or above is
       recommended, because it supports, in combination with the SCSI library
       of Sane version 1.0.2, command queueing within the kernel.  This
       queueing implementation, combined with a buffer size of at least 128
       kB, should avoid most carirage stops.

       Slow processing of the scan data: An example for this situation is the
       access to the scanner via a 10 MBit Ethernet, which is definitely too
       slow to transfer the scan data as fast as they are produced by the
       scanner. If you have enough memory available, you can increase option
       buffers, so that an entire image can be stored in these buffers.

       In order to see, if the backend is too slow or if the further
       processing of the data is too slow, set the environment variable
       SANE_DEBUG_SHARP to 1. When a scan is finished, the backend writes the
       line "buffer full conditions: nn" to stderr. If nn is zero, carriage
       stops are caused by too slow responses of the backend or too much
       "traffic" on the SCSI bus. If nn is greater than zero, the backend had
       to wait nn times until a buffer has been processed by the frontend.
       (Please note that option buffers must be greater than option readqueue
       in order to get useful output for "buffer full conditions".)


FILES
       /usr/local/etc/sane.d/sharp.conf
              The backend configuration file.

       /usr/local/lib/sane/libsane-sharp.a
              The static library implementing this backend.

       /usr/local/lib/sane/libsane-sharp.so
              The shared library implementing this backend (present on systems
              that support dynamic loading).

ENVIRONMENT
       SANE_DEBUG_SHARP
              If the library was compiled with debug support enabled, this
              environment variable controls the debug level for this backend.
              E.g., a value of 128 requests all debug output to be printed.
              Smaller levels reduce verbosity.

KNOWN PROBLEMS
       1. ADF Mode
              After several ADF scans, the scanner moves the carriage back to
              the idle position and back to ADF scan position, before a scan
              starts. We do not know, if this is a problem of the scanner, or
              if this is a bug of the backend. At present, the scanner must
              power off and on to stop this annoying behaviour.

       2. Threshold level does not work (only JX-610)

       3. The maximum resolution is limited to 600 dpi(JX-610 supported to
       1200 dpi) resp. 400 dpi (JX-250)

       4. If the JX250 is used with an ADF, the following situation can occur:
       After several scans, the scanner moves, after loading a new sheet of
       paper, the carriage to the idle position, and then back to the position
       used for ADF scans. This happens for every scan, in contrast to the
       calibration, which is done after 10 scans. (For the calibration, the
       carriage is also moved to the idle position.) We do not know, if this
       behavior is caused by the backend, or if it is a bug in the firmware of
       the scanner.

       5. Usage of a transparency adapter (film scan unit) is supported, but
       not tested.


SEE ALSO
       sane(7), sane-scsi(5)

AUTHORS
       Kazuya Fukuda, Abel Deuring

CREDITS
       The Sharp backend is based on the Canon backend written by Helmut
       Koeberle

       Parts of this man page are a plain copy of sane-mustek(5) by David
       Mosberger-Tang, Andreas Czechanowski and Andreas Bolsch



sane-backends 1.0.17              21 Nov 2000                    sane-sharp(5)