SENDMMSG(2)                Linux Programmer's Manual               SENDMMSG(2)

       sendmmsg - send multiple messages on a socket

       #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int sendmmsg(int sockfd, struct mmsghdr *msgvec, unsigned int vlen,
                    int flags);

       The sendmmsg() system call is an extension of sendmsg(2) that allows
       the caller to transmit multiple messages on a socket using a single
       system call.  (This has performance benefits for some applications.)

       The sockfd argument is the file descriptor of the socket on which data
       is to be transmitted.

       The msgvec argument is a pointer to an array of mmsghdr structures.
       The size of this array is specified in vlen.

       The mmsghdr structure is defined in <sys/socket.h> as:

           struct mmsghdr {
               struct msghdr msg_hdr;  /* Message header */
               unsigned int  msg_len;  /* Number of bytes transmitted */

       The msg_hdr field is a msghdr structure, as described in sendmsg(2).
       The msg_len field is used to return the number of bytes sent from the
       message in msg_hdr (i.e., the same as the return value from a single
       sendmsg(2) call).

       The flags argument contains flags ORed together.  The flags are the
       same as for sendmsg(2).

       A blocking sendmmsg() call blocks until vlen messages have been sent.
       A nonblocking call sends as many messages as possible (up to the limit
       specified by vlen) and returns immediately.

       On return from sendmmsg(), the msg_len fields of successive elements of
       msgvec are updated to contain the number of bytes transmitted from the
       corresponding msg_hdr.  The return value of the call indicates the
       number of elements of msgvec that have been updated.

       On success, sendmmsg() returns the number of messages sent from msgvec;
       if this is less than vlen, the caller can retry with a further
       sendmmsg() call to send the remaining messages.

       On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.

       Errors are as for sendmsg(2).  An error is returned only if no
       datagrams could be sent.  See also BUGS.

       The sendmmsg() system call was added in Linux 3.0.  Support in glibc
       was added in version 2.14.

       sendmmsg() is Linux-specific.

       The value specified in vlen is capped to UIO_MAXIOV (1024).

       If an error occurs after at least one message has been sent, the call
       succeeds, and returns the number of messages sent.  The error code is
       lost.  The caller can retry the transmission, starting at the first
       failed message, but there is no guarantee that, if an error is
       returned, it will be the same as the one that was lost on the previous

       The example below uses sendmmsg() to send onetwo and three in two
       distinct UDP datagrams using one system call.  The contents of the
       first datagram originates from a pair of buffers.

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <netinet/ip.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <string.h>
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/socket.h>

           int sockfd;
           struct sockaddr_in addr;
           struct mmsghdr msg[2];
           struct iovec msg1[2], msg2;
           int retval;

           sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
           if (sockfd == -1) {

           addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
           addr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);
           addr.sin_port = htons(1234);
           if (connect(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &addr, sizeof(addr)) == -1) {

           memset(msg1, 0, sizeof(msg1));
           msg1[0].iov_base = "one";
           msg1[0].iov_len = 3;
           msg1[1].iov_base = "two";
           msg1[1].iov_len = 3;

           memset(&msg2, 0, sizeof(msg2));
           msg2.iov_base = "three";
           msg2.iov_len = 5;

           memset(msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
           msg[0].msg_hdr.msg_iov = msg1;
           msg[0].msg_hdr.msg_iovlen = 2;

           msg[1].msg_hdr.msg_iov = &msg2;
           msg[1].msg_hdr.msg_iovlen = 1;

           retval = sendmmsg(sockfd, msg, 2, 0);
           if (retval == -1)
               printf("%d messages sent\n", retval);


       recvmmsg(2), sendmsg(2), socket(2), socket(7)

       This page is part of release 5.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at

Linux                             2019-03-06                       SENDMMSG(2)