strings − print the strings of printable characters in

strings [−afov] [min‐len]
        [−n min‐len] [−−bytes=min‐len]
        [−t radix] [−−radix=radix]
        [−e encoding] [−−encoding=encoding]
        [] [−−all] [−−print−file−name]
        [−−help] [−−version] file...

For each file given, GNU strings prints the printable
character sequences that are at least 4 characters long (or
the number given with the options below) and are followed by
an unprintable character.  By default, it only prints the
strings from the initialized and loaded sections of object
files; for other types of files, it prints the strings from
the whole file.

     strings is mainly useful for determining the contents
of non‐text files.



Do not scan only the initialized and loaded sections of
    object files; scan the whole files.


    Print the name of the file before each string.

    Print a summary of the program usage on the standard
    output and exit.


−n min‐len

    Print sequences of characters that are at least min‐len
    characters long, instead of the default 4.

−o  Like −t o.  Some other versions of strings have −o act
    like −t d instead.  Since we can not be compatible with
    both ways, we simply chose one.

−t radix


    Print the offset within the file before each string.
    The single character argument specifies the radix of the
    offset−−−o for octal, x for hexadecimal, or d for

−e encoding

    Select the character encoding of the strings that are to
    be found.  Possible values for encoding are: s = single‐
    byte characters (ASCII, ISO 8859, etc., default), b =
    16−bit Bigendian, l = 16−bit Littleendian, B = 32−bit
    Bigendian, L = 32−bit Littleendian. Useful for finding
    wide character strings.

    Specify an object code format other than your system’s
    default format.


    Print the program version number on the standard output
    and exit.

ar(1), nm(1), objdump(1), ranlib(1), readelf(1) and the Info
entries for binutils.

Copyright (c) 1991, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 2000,
2001, 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

     Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify
this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation
License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the
Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with
no Front‐Cover Texts, and with no Back‐Cover Texts.  A copy
of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free
Documentation License".