SYSTEMD-TMPFILES(8)             systemd-tmpfiles             SYSTEMD-TMPFILES(8)

       systemd-tmpfiles, systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service, systemd-tmpfiles-setup-
       dev.service, systemd-tmpfiles-clean.service, systemd-tmpfiles-clean.timer
       - Creates, deletes and cleans up volatile and temporary files and

       systemd-tmpfiles [OPTIONS...] [CONFIGFILE...]

       System units:


       User units:


       systemd-tmpfiles creates, deletes, and cleans up volatile and temporary
       files and directories, based on the configuration file format and
       location specified in tmpfiles.d(5).

       If invoked with no arguments, it applies all directives from all
       configuration files. When invoked with --replace=PATH, arguments
       specified on the command line are used instead of the configuration file
       PATH. Otherwise, if one or more absolute filenames are passed on the
       command line, only the directives in these files are applied. If "-" is
       specified instead of a filename, directives are read from standard input.
       If only the basename of a configuration file is specified, all
       configuration directories as specified in tmpfiles.d(5) are searched for
       a matching file and the file found that has the highest priority is

       System services (systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service,
       systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service, systemd-tmpfiles-clean.service)
       invoke systemd-tmpfiles to create system files and to perform system wide
       cleanup. Those services read administrator-controlled configuration files
       in tmpfiles.d/ directories. User services
       (systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service, systemd-tmpfiles-clean.service) also
       invoke systemd-tmpfiles, but it reads a separate set of files, which
       includes user-controlled files under ~/.config/user-tmpfiles.d/ and
       ~/.local/share/user-tmpfiles.d/, and administrator-controlled files under
       /usr/share/user-tmpfiles.d/. Users may use this to create and clean up
       files under their control, but the system instance performs global
       cleanup and is not influenced by user configuration. Note that this means
       a time-based cleanup configured in the system instance, such as the one
       typically configured for /tmp/, will thus also affect files created by
       the user instance if they are placed in /tmp/, even if the user
       instance's time-based cleanup is turned off.

       The following options are understood:

           If this option is passed, all files and directories marked with f, F,
           w, d, D, v, p, L, c, b, m in the configuration files are created or
           written to. Files and directories marked with z, Z, t, T, a, and A
           have their ownership, access mode and security labels set.

           If this option is passed, all files and directories with an age
           parameter configured will be cleaned up.

           If this option is passed, the contents of directories marked with D
           or R, and files or directories themselves marked with r or R are

           Execute "user" configuration, i.e.  tmpfiles.d files in user
           configuration directories.

           Also execute lines with an exclamation mark.

           Only apply rules with paths that start with the specified prefix.
           This option can be specified multiple times.

           Ignore rules with paths that start with the specified prefix. This
           option can be specified multiple times.

           A shortcut for "--exclude-prefix=/dev --exclude-prefix=/proc
           --exclude-prefix=/run --exclude-prefix=/sys", i.e. exclude the
           hierarchies typically backed by virtual or memory file systems. This
           is useful in combination with --root=, if the specified directory
           tree contains an OS tree without these virtual/memory file systems
           mounted in, as it is typically not desirable to create any files and
           directories below these subdirectories if they are supposed to be
           overmounted during runtime.

           Takes a directory path as an argument. All paths will be prefixed
           with the given alternate root path, including config search paths.

           When this option is used, the libc Name Service Switch (NSS) is
           bypassed for resolving users and groups. Instead the files
           /etc/passwd and /etc/group inside the alternate root are read
           directly. This means that users/groups not listed in these files will
           not be resolved, i.e. LDAP NIS and other complex databases are not

           Consider combining this with -E to ensure the invocation does not
           create files or directories below mount points in the OS image
           operated on that are typically overmounted during runtime.

           Takes a path to a disk image file or block device node. If specified
           all operations are applied to file system in the indicated disk
           image. This is similar to --root= but operates on file systems stored
           in disk images or block devices. The disk image should either contain
           just a file system or a set of file systems within a GPT partition
           table, following the Discoverable Partitions Specification[1]. For
           further information on supported disk images, see systemd-nspawn(1)'s
           switch of the same name.

           Implies -E.

           When this option is given, one ore more positional arguments must be
           specified. All configuration files found in the directories listed in
           tmpfiles.d(5) will be read, and the configuration given on the
           command line will be handled instead of and with the same priority as
           the configuration file PATH.

           This option is intended to be used when package installation scripts
           are running and files belonging to that package are not yet available
           on disk, so their contents must be given on the command line, but the
           admin configuration might already exist and should be given higher

           Copy the contents of config files to standard output. Before each
           file, the filename is printed as a comment.

           Do not pipe output into a pager.

       -h, --help
           Print a short help text and exit.

           Print a short version string and exit.

       It is possible to combine --create, --clean, and --remove in one
       invocation (in which case removal and cleanup are executed before
       creation of new files). For example, during boot the following command
       line is executed to ensure that all temporary and volatile directories
       are removed and created according to the configuration file:

           systemd-tmpfiles --remove --create

       systemd-tmpfiles tries to avoid changing the access and modification
       times on the directories it accesses, which requires CAP_FOWNER
       privileges. When running as non-root, directories which are checked for
       files to clean up will have their access time bumped, which might prevent
       their cleanup.

       On success, 0 is returned. If the configuration was syntactically invalid
       (syntax errors, missing arguments, ...), so some lines had to be ignored,
       but no other errors occurred, 65 is returned (EX_DATAERR from
       /usr/include/sysexits.h). If the configuration was syntactically valid,
       but could not be executed (lack of permissions, creation of files in
       missing directories, invalid contents when writing to /sys/ values, ...),
       73 is returned (EX_CANTCREAT from /usr/include/sysexits.h). Otherwise, 1
       is returned (EXIT_FAILURE from /usr/include/stdlib.h).

       systemd(1), tmpfiles.d(5)

        1. Discoverable Partitions Specification

systemd 247                                                  SYSTEMD-TMPFILES(8)