TEXTEDIT(1)                 General Commands Manual                TEXTEDIT(1)

       textedit - XView window- and mouse-based text editor

       textedit [ generic-tool-arguments ] [ -Ea on | off ] [
       -adjust_is_pending_delete ] [ -Ei on | off ] [ -auto_indent ] [ -Eo on
       | off ] [ -okay_to_overwrite ] [ -Er on | off ] [ -read_only ] [ -Ec N
       ] [ -checkpoint count ] [ -EL lines ] [ -lower_context lines ] [ -Em
       pixels ] [ -margin pixels ] [ -En N ] [ -number_of_lines lines ] [ -ES
       N ] [ -multi_click_space radius ] [ -Et N ] [ -tab_width tabstop ] [
       -ET N ] [ -multi_click_timeout intrvl ] [ -Eu N ] [ -history_limit max
       ] [ -EU N ] [ -upper_context lines ] filename

       This command is available with the OpenWindows environment.  For
       information about installing OpenWindows, refer to the OpenWindows
       Installation and Start-Up Guide.

       textedit is a window-based XView application that provides both mouse
       and pointer operations and keyboard accelerators for the editing of
       text.  In general, text editing throughout the OpenWindows user
       environment uses textedit conventions, both in text display areas such
       as mail message windows and command panel text fields.

       textedit operates via a set of command panel buttons and text fields
       and a set of menus and submenus accessible from the main editing

              textedit accepts the XView generic tool arguments described in
              the XView Reference Manual.

       -Ea on|off
              Choose whether or not an adjustment to a selection makes the
              selection “pending-delete.”  The default is off.  This option
              corresponds to, and overrides, the adjust_is_pending_delete Text
              defaults entry.

       -Ei on|off
              Choose whether or not to automatically indent newly-opened
              lines.  The default is off.  Corresponds to the auto_indent Text

       -Eo on|off
              Set behavior to the Store as New File menu item.  If on a Store
              as New File to the current file is treated as a Save Current
              File.  If off (the standard default), Store as New File
              operations using the current filename results in an error
              message.  Corresponds to Store_self_is_save.

       -Er on|off
              Turn read-only mode on or off.  When on, text cannot be

       -Ec N
       -checkpoint count
              Checkpoint after every count editing operation.  If count is 0
              (the standard default), no checkpointing takes place.  Each
              character typed, each Paste, and each Cut counts as an editing
              operation.  Corresponds to checkpoint_frequency.

       -EL lines
              Specify the minimum number of lines to keep between the caret
              and the bottom of the text subwindow.  The default is 2.
              Corresponds to lower_context.

       -Em pixels
       -margin pixels
              Set the scrollbar margin width in pixels.  The default is 4.
              Corresponds to left_margin.

       -En N
       -number_of_lines lines
              Set the number of lines in the bottom subwindow.  The default is

       -ES N
       -multi_click_space radius
              Set the radius in pixels, within which clicks must occur to be
              treated as a multi-click selection.  The default is 3 pixels.
              Corresponds to multi_click_space.

       -Et N
       -tab_width tabstop
              Set the number of SPACE characters displayed per TAB stop.  The
              default is 8.  This option has no effect on the characters in
              the file.  Corresponds to tab_width.

       -ET N
       -multi_click_timeout intrvl
              Set the interval, in milliseconds, within which any two clicks
              must occur to be treated as a multi-click selection.  The
              default is 390 milliseconds.  Corresponds to

       -Eu N
       -history_limit max
              Set the maximum number of editing operations that can be undone
              or replayed.  The default is 50.  Corresponds to history_limit.

       -EU  N
       -upper_context lines
              Set the minimum number of lines to keep between the caret and
              the top of the text subwindow.  The default is 2.  Corresponds
              to upper_context.

       textedit is part of the OpenWindows user environment.  For a
       descriptions of the basic concepts of OpenWindows, see the OpenWindows
       User's Guide.

   Signal Processing
       If textedit hangs, for whatever reason, you can send a SIGHUP....s0
       signal to its process ID, which forces it to write any changes (if

              kill -HUP pid

       The edits are written to the file textedit.pid in its working
       directory.  If that fails, textedit successively tries to write to a
       file by that name in /var/tmp, and then /tmp.  In addition, whenever
       textedit catches a fatal signal, such as SIGILL, it tries to write out
       the edits before aborting.

   Defaults Options
       You can specify a number of defaults using the .Xdefaults file that
       affect the behavior of the text-based facilities.  See xview(1) for
       more detailed information.

       Selections in textedit are defined as selected portions of text to
       which editing operations can be applied.  For example, a selection can
       be deleted, moved, copied, etc.

       textedit provides two types of selections: primary and secondary.
       Primary selections allow you to select a set of text on which to
       perform an editing function.  Secondary selections allow you to define
       a second block of text without undefining your primary text selection
       or repositioning your cursor.  Being able to define two sets of text at
       once allows you to take advantage of the advanced editing functions
       described below in the section called Function Keys.

       Using a Mouse and Pointer:
                 Single characters can be selected using the SELECT.
                 Blocks of text can be selected by selecting a starting point
                 with the SELECT and selecting an ending point with ADJUST.
                 Or blocks of text can be selected using OPEN LOOK's wipe
                 through feature by pointing at a beginning character and
                 depressing the select button while moving the pointer to the
                 end of a block of text.
                 Selections can also be made by sing clicking (rapidly
                 pressing) the select button. Click once to select a single
                 letter; click twice to select a word; click three times to
                 select a complete line of text; click four times to select
                 the entire document being edited.

       Visual Feedback
                 All primary selections are indicated visually by inverse
                 video of the text selected and are pending delete.  Pending
                 delete selections are replaced if you type or paste while the
                 text is selected.
                 Secondary selections that are not pending delete are
                 indicated by underlining of the text.
                 Secondary selections pending delete are indicated by
                 underlining of the text and strike through of the individual

   Secondary Selections
              Secondary selections are made using any of the selection methods
              described above in addition to holding down one of the four
              function keys corresponding to the commands Cut, Find, Paste, or

              Secondary selections are made pending delete by holding the CTRL
              key when making the secondary selection.  If a secondary
              selection is pending-delete, it is deleted when the function key
              is released, except in the case of the Find, which deselects the
              secondary selection.

              You can make adjusted selections switch to pending-delete using
              the adjust_is_pending_delete defaults entry, or the -Ea option.
              In this case, CTRL-Middle makes the selection not pending-

              Commands that operate on the primary selection do so even if the
              primary selection is not in the window that issued the command.

   Inserting Text and Command Characters
       For the most part, typing any of the standard keys either inserts the
       corresponding character at the insertion point, or erases characters.
       However, certain key combinations are treated as commands.  Some of the
       most useful are:

       Command             Character           Description

       Cut-Primary         META-X              Erases, and moves to the Clipboard, the primary selection.
       Find-Primary        META-F              Searches the text for the pattern specified by the primary
                                               selection or by the Clipboard, if there is no primary selection.
       Copy-to-Clipboard   META-C              Copies the primary selection to the Clipboard.
       Paste-Clipboard     META-V              Inserts the Clipboard contents at the insertion point.
       Copy-then-Paste     META-P              Copies the primary selection to the insertion point (through
                                               the Clipboard).
       Go-to-EOF           CTRL-RETURN         Moves the insertion point to the end of the text, positioning
                                               the text so that the insertion point is visible.

   Function Keys
       The commands indicated by use of the function keys are:

       Command             Sun-2|3 Key         Description

       Stop                L1                  Aborts the current command.
       Again               L2                  Repeats the previous editing sequence since a
                                               primary selection was made.
       Undo                L4                  Undoes a prior editing sequence.
       Front               L5                  Makes the window completely visible (or
                                               hides it, if it is already exposed).
       Copy                L6                  Copies the primary selection, either to the
                                               Clipboard or at the closest end of the secondary
       Open                L7                  Makes the window iconic (or normal, if it is already
       Paste               L8                  Copies either the secondary selection or the Clipboard at
                                               the insertion point.
       Find                L9                  Searches for the pattern specified by, in order, the
                                               secondary selection, the primary selection, or the Clipboard.
       Cut                 L10                 Erases, and moves to the Clipboard, either the primary or
                                               the secondary selection.
       Help                F1                  Produces help text.

       Find usually searches the text forwards, towards the end.  Holding down
       the SHIFT key while invoking Find searches backward through the text,
       towards the beginning.  If the pattern is not found before the search
       encounters either extreme, it “wraps around” and continues from the
       other extreme.  Find starts the search at the appropriate end of the
       primary selection, if the primary selection is in the subwindow that
       the search is made in; otherwise it starts at the insertion point,
       unless the subwindow cannot be edited, in which case it starts at the
       beginning of the text.

       CTRL-Find invokes the Find and Replace pop-up frame.

   Menu Items
       File      A pull-right menu item for file operations.

       Edit      A pull-right menu item equivalent of the editing function
                 keys.  The Edit submenu provides Again, Undo, Copy, Paste,
                 and Cut (same as function keys L2, L4, L6, L8, and L10).

       Display   A pull-right menu item for controlling the way text is
                 displayed and line display format.

       Find      A pull-right menu item for find and delimiter matching

       Extras    A user definable pull-right menu item.  The Extras standard
                 submenu is controlled by /usr/lib/.text_extras_menu, which
                 has the same format as .rootmenu file.  This can be
                 overridden in two ways:
                      1) Change the value of the .Xdefaults parameter
                      text.extrasMenuFilename to the correct file path.
                      2) Set the environment variable EXTRASMENU to the file
                      Note that option 1 overrides option 2 if both are used.
                      For more information see the DeskSet Environment
                      Reference Guide .  See also xview(1).

Only those items that are active appear as normal text in the menu; inactive
items (which are inappropriate at the time) are “grayed out”.

   User Defined Commands
       The file /usr/lib/text_extras_menu specifies filter programs that are
       included in the text subwindow Extras pull-right menu item.  The file
       ~/.textswrc specifies filter programs that are assigned to (available)
       function keys.  These filters are applied to the contents of the
       primary selection.  Their output is entered at the caret.

       The file /usr/lib/textswrc is a sample containing a set of useful
       filters.  It is not read automatically.

       ~/.textswrc              Specifies bindings of filters to function keys
                                Specifies bindings of filters for the extras
                                menu pull-right items
       /usr/bin                 Contains useful filters, including shift_lines
                                and capitalize.
       filename%                Prior version of filename is available here
                                after a Save Current File menu operation
       textedit.pid             Edited version of filename; generated in
                                response to fatal internal errors
       /tmp/Text*               Editing session logs


       Introduction to the OpenWindows User Environment

       Cannot open file 'filename', aborting!
                                          filename does not exist or cannot be

       textedit produces the following exit status codes:

              0      normal termination
              1      standard OpenWindows help message was printed
              2      help message was requested and printed
              3      abnormal termination in response to a signal, usually due
                     to an internal error
              4      abnormal termination during initialization, usually due
                     to a missing file or running out of swap space

       Multi-click to change the current selection does not work for Adjust

       Handling of long lines is incorrect in certain scrolling situations.

       There is no way to replay any editing sequence except the most recent.

                                 11 June 1990                      TEXTEDIT(1)