tnameserv-java-1.7.0-openjdk

tnameserv(1)                General Commands Manual               tnameserv(1)



Name
       Java IDL: Transient Naming Service - tnameserv

       This document discusses using the Java IDL Transient Naming Service,
       tnameserv. Java IDL also includes the Object Request Broker Daemon
       (ORBD). ORBD is a daemon process containing a Bootstrap Service, a
       Transient Naming Service, a Persistent Naming Service, and a Server
       Manager. The Java IDL tutorials all use ORBD, however, you can
       substitute tnameserv for orbd in any of the examples that use a
       Transient Naming Service. For documentation on the orbd tool, link to
       its orbd(1) or the Java IDL Naming Service Included with ORBD @
       http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/technotes/guides/idl/jidlNaming.html
       topic.

       Topics in this section include:

          o Java IDL Transient Naming Service

          o Starting the Java IDL Transient Naming Service

          o Stopping the Java IDL Transient Naming Service

          o Sample Client: Adding Objects to the Namespace

          o Sample Client: Browsing the Namespace


Java IDL Transient Naming Service
       The CORBA COS (Common Object Services) Naming Service provides a
       tree-like directory for object references much like a filesystem
       provides a directory structure for files. The Transient Naming Service
       provided with Java IDL, tnameserv, is a simple implementation of the
       COS Naming Service specification.

       Object references are stored in the namespace by name and each object
       reference-name pair is called a name binding. Name bindings may be
       organized under naming contexts. Naming contexts are themselves name
       bindings and serve the same organizational function as a file system
       subdirectory. All bindings are stored under the initial naming context.
       The initial naming context is the only persistent binding in the
       namespace; the rest of the namespace is lost if the Java IDL naming
       service process halts and restarts.

       For an applet or application to use COS naming, its ORB must know the
       port of a host running a naming service or have access to a stringified
       initial naming context for that naming service. The naming service can
       either be the Java IDL naming service or another COS-compliant naming
       service.

Starting the Java IDL Transient Naming Service
       You must start the Java IDL naming service before an application or
       applet that uses its naming service. Installation of the Java IDL
       product creates a script (Solaris: tnameserv) or executable file
       (Windows NT: tnameserv.exe) that starts the Java IDL naming service.
       Start the naming service so it runs in the background.

       If you do not specify otherwise, the Java IDL naming service listens on
       port 900 for the bootstrap protocol used to implement the ORB
       resolve_initial_references() and list_initial_references() methods, as
       follows:

               tnameserv -ORBInitialPort nameserverport&


       If you do not specify the name server port, port 900 is used by
       default. When running Solaris software, you must become root to start a
       process on a port under 1024. For this reason, we recommend that you
       use a port number greater than or equal to 1024. To specify a different
       port, for example, 1050, and to run the naming service in the
       background, from a UNIX command shell, enter:

               tnameserv -ORBInitialPort 1050&


       From an MS-DOS system prompt (Windows), enter:

               start tnameserv -ORBInitialPort 1050


       Clients of the name server must be made aware of the new port number.
       Do this by setting the org.omg.CORBA.ORBInitialPort property to the new
       port number when creating the ORB object.

   Running the server and client on different hosts
       In most of the Java IDL and RMI-IIOP tutorials, the Naming Service,
       Server, and Client are all running on the development machine. In real
       world deployment, it is likely that the client and server will run on
       different host machines than the Naming Service.

       For the client and server to find the Naming Service, they must be made
       aware of the port number and host on which the naming service is
       running. Do this by setting the org.omg.CORBA.ORBInitialPort and
       org.omg.CORBA.ORBInitialHost properties in the client and server files
       to the machine name and port number on which the Naming Service is
       running. An example of this is shown in The Hello World Example Using
       RMI-IIOP @
       http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/technotes/guides/rmi-iiop/rmiiiopexample.html.
       You could also use the command line options -ORBInitialPort
       nameserverport# and -ORBInitialHost nameserverhostname to tell the
       client and server where to find the Naming Service.  Java IDL: Running
       the Hello World Example on TWO Machines @
       http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/technotes/guides/idl/tutorial/jidl2machines.html
       shows one way of doing this using the command line option.

       For example, suppose the Transient Naming Service, tnameserv is running
       on port 1050 on host nameserverhost. The client is running on host
       clienthost and the server is running on host serverhost.

          o Start tnameserv on the host nameserverhost, as follows:
                 tnameserv -ORBInitialPort 1050


          o Start the server on the serverhost, as follows:
                 java Server -ORBInitialPort 1050 -ORBInitialHost nameserverhost

          o Start the client on the clienthost, as follows:
                 java Client -ORBInitialPort 1050 -ORBInitialHost nameserverhost


   The -J option
       This command-line option is available for use with tnameserve:

          -Joption
             Pass option to the Java virtual machine, where option is one of
             the options described on the reference page for java(1). For
             example, -J-Xms48m sets the startup memory to 48 megabytes. It is
             a common convention for -J to pass options to the underlying
             virtual machine.


Stopping the Java IDL Transient Naming Service
       To stop the Java IDL naming service, use the relevant operating system
       command, such as kill for a Unix process, or Ctrl-C for a Windows
       process. The naming service will continue to wait for invocations until
       it is explicitly shutdown. Note that names registered with the Java IDL
       naming service disappear when the service is terminated.

Sample Client: Adding Objects to the Namespace
       The following sample program illustrates how to add names to the
       namespace. It is a self-contained Transient Naming Service client that
       creates the following simple tree.

          o Initial Naming Context

             * plans

             * Personal

                - calendar

                - schedule


       In this example, plans is an object reference and Personal is a naming
       context that contains two object references: calendar and schedule.

       import java.util.Properties;
       import org.omg.CORBA.*;
       import org.omg.CosNaming.*;

       public class NameClient
       {
          public static void main(String args[])
          {
             try {


       In the above section, Starting the Java IDL Transient Naming Service,
       the nameserver was started on port 1050. The following code ensures
       that the client program is aware of this port number.
               Properties props = new Properties();
               props.put("org.omg.CORBA.ORBInitialPort", "1050");
               ORB orb = ORB.init(args, props);



       This code obtains the initial naming context and assigns it to ctx. The
       second line copies ctx into a dummy object reference objref that we'll
       attach to various names and add into the namespace.
               NamingContext ctx =
       NamingContextHelper.narrow(orb.resolve_initial_references("NameService"));
               NamingContext objref = ctx;



       This code creates a name "plans" of type "text" and binds it to our
       dummy object reference. "plans" is then added under the initial naming
       context using rebind. The rebind method allows us to run this program
       over and over again without getting the exceptions we'd get from using
       bind.
               NameComponent nc1 = new NameComponent("plans", "text");
               NameComponent[] name1 = {nc1};
               ctx.rebind(name1, objref);
               System.out.println("plans rebind successful!");



       This code creates a naming context called "Personal" of type
       "directory". The resulting object reference, ctx2, is bound to the name
       and added under the initial naming context.
               NameComponent nc2 = new NameComponent("Personal", "directory");
               NameComponent[] name2 = {nc2};
               NamingContext ctx2 = ctx.bind_new_context(name2);
               System.out.println("new naming context added..");



       The remainder of the code binds the dummy object reference using the
       names "schedule" and "calendar" under the "Personal" naming context
       (ctx2).
               NameComponent nc3 = new NameComponent("schedule", "text");
               NameComponent[] name3 = {nc3};
               ctx2.rebind(name3, objref);
               System.out.println("schedule rebind successful!");

               NameComponent nc4 = new NameComponent("calender", "text");
               NameComponent[] name4 = {nc4};
               ctx2.rebind(name4, objref);
               System.out.println("calender rebind successful!");


           } catch (Exception e) {
               e.printStackTrace(System.err);
           }
         }
       }


Sample Client: Browsing the Namespace
       The following sample program illustrates how to browse the namespace.

       import java.util.Properties;
       import org.omg.CORBA.*;
       import org.omg.CosNaming.*;

       public class NameClientList
       {
          public static void main(String args[])
          {
             try {


       In the above section, Starting the Java IDL Transient Naming Service,
       the nameserver was started on port 1050. The following code ensures
       that the client program is aware of this port number.

               Properties props = new Properties();
               props.put("org.omg.CORBA.ORBInitialPort", "1050");
               ORB orb = ORB.init(args, props);




       The following code obtains the initial naming context.
               NamingContext nc =
       NamingContextHelper.narrow(orb.resolve_initial_references("NameService"));



       The list method lists the bindings in the naming context. In this case,
       up to 1000 bindings from the initial naming context will be returned in
       the BindingListHolder; any remaining bindings are returned in the
       BindingIteratorHolder.
               BindingListHolder bl = new BindingListHolder();
               BindingIteratorHolder blIt= new BindingIteratorHolder();
               nc.list(1000, bl, blIt);



       This code gets the array of bindings out of the returned
       BindingListHolder. If there are no bindings, the program ends.
               Binding bindings[] = bl.value;
               if (bindings.length == 0) return;



       The remainder of the code loops through the bindings and prints the
       names out.
               for (int i=0; i < bindings.length; i++) {

                   // get the object reference for each binding
                   org.omg.CORBA.Object obj = nc.resolve(bindings[i].binding_name);
                   String objStr = orb.object_to_string(obj);
                   int lastIx = bindings[i].binding_name.length-1;

                   // check to see if this is a naming context
                   if (bindings[i].binding_type == BindingType.ncontext) {
                     System.out.println( "Context: " +
       bindings[i].binding_name[lastIx].id);
                   } else {
                       System.out.println("Object: " +
       bindings[i].binding_name[lastIx].id);
                   }
               }

              } catch (Exception e) {
               e.printStackTrace(System.err);
              }
          }
       }


                                  16 Mar 2012                     tnameserv(1)