tracepath

TRACEPATH(8)                         iputils                        TRACEPATH(8)



NAME
       tracepath - traces path to a network host discovering MTU along this path

SYNOPSIS
       tracepath [-4] [-6] [-n] [-b] [-l pktlen] [-m max_hops] [-p port] [-V]
                 {destination}

DESCRIPTION
       It traces the network path to destination discovering MTU along this
       path. It uses UDP port port or some random port. It is similar to
       traceroute. However, it does not require superuser privileges and has no
       fancy options.

       tracepath -6 is a good replacement for traceroute6 and classic example of
       application of Linux error queues. The situation with IPv4 is worse,
       because commercial IP routers do not return enough information in ICMP
       error messages. Probably, it will change, when they are updated. For now
       it uses Van Jacobson's trick, sweeping a range of UDP ports to maintain
       trace history.

OPTIONS
       -4
           Use IPv4 only.

       -6
           Use IPv6 only.

       -n
           Print primarily IP addresses numerically.

       -b
           Print both: Host names and IP addresses.

       -l
           Sets the initial packet length to pktlen instead of 65535 for IPv4 or
           128000 for IPv6.

       -m
           Set maximum hops (or maximum TTLs) to max_hops instead of 30.

       -p
           Sets the initial destination port to use.

       -V
           Print version and exit.

OUTPUT
           root@mops:~ # tracepath -6 3ffe:2400:0:109::2
            1?: [LOCALHOST]                              pmtu 1500
            1:  dust.inr.ac.ru                   0.411ms
            2:  dust.inr.ac.ru        asymm  1   0.390ms pmtu 1480
            2:  3ffe:2400:0:109::2               463.514ms reached
                Resume: pmtu 1480 hops 2 back 2


       The first column shows the TTL of the probe, followed by colon. Usually
       the value of TTL is obtained from the reply from the network, but
       sometimes it does not contain the necessary information and we have to
       guess it. In this case the number is followed by ?.

       The second column shows the network hop which replied to the probe. It is
       either the address of the router or the word [LOCALHOST], if the probe
       was not sent to the network.

       The rest of the line shows miscellaneous information about the path to
       the corresponding network hop. It contains the value of RTT, and
       additionally it can show Path MTU when it changes. If the path is
       asymmetric or the probe finishes before it reaches the prescribed hop,
       the difference between number of hops in forward and return direction is
       shown next to the keyword "async". This information is not reliable, e.g.
       the third line shows asymmetry of 1. This is because the first probe with
       TTL of 2 was rejected at the first hop due to Path MTU Discovery.

       The last line summarizes information about all the paths to the
       destination. It shows detected Path MTU, amount of hops to the
       destination and our guess about the number of hops from the destination
       to us, which can be different when the path is asymmetric.

SEE ALSO
       traceroute(8), traceroute6(8), ping(8).

AUTHOR
       tracepath was written by Alexey Kuznetsov <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru>.

SECURITY
       No security issues.

       This lapidary deserves to be elaborated.  tracepath is not a privileged
       program, unlike traceroute, ping and other beasts of their kind.
       tracepath may be executed by everyone who has enough access to the
       network to send UDP datagrams to the desired destination using the given
       port.

AVAILABILITY
       tracepath is part of iputils package.



iputils s20200821                                                   TRACEPATH(8)