utimes

UTIME(2)                   Linux Programmer's Manual                  UTIME(2)



NAME
       utime, utimes - change file last access and modification times

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <utime.h>

       int utime(const char *filename, const struct utimbuf *times);

       #include <sys/time.h>

       int utimes(const char *filename, const struct timeval times[2]);

DESCRIPTION
       Note: modern applications may prefer to use the interfaces described in
       utimensat(2).

       The utime() system call changes the access and modification times of
       the inode specified by filename to the actime and modtime fields of
       times respectively.

       If times is NULL, then the access and modification times of the file
       are set to the current time.

       Changing timestamps is permitted when: either the process has
       appropriate privileges, or the effective user ID equals the user ID of
       the file, or times is NULL and the process has write permission for the
       file.

       The utimbuf structure is:

           struct utimbuf {
               time_t actime;       /* access time */
               time_t modtime;      /* modification time */
           };

       The utime() system call allows specification of timestamps with a
       resolution of 1 second.

       The utimes() system call is similar, but the times argument refers to
       an array rather than a structure.  The elements of this array are
       timeval structures, which allow a precision of 1 microsecond for
       specifying timestamps.  The timeval structure is:

           struct timeval {
               long tv_sec;        /* seconds */
               long tv_usec;       /* microseconds */
           };

       times[0] specifies the new access time, and times[1] specifies the new
       modification time.  If times is NULL, then analogously to utime(), the
       access and modification times of the file are set to the current time.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS
       EACCES Search permission is denied for one of the directories in the
              path prefix of path (see also path_resolution(7)).

       EACCES times is NULL, the caller's effective user ID does not match the
              owner of the file, the caller does not have write access to the
              file, and the caller is not privileged (Linux: does not have
              either the CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE or the CAP_FOWNER capability).

       ENOENT filename does not exist.

       EPERM  times is not NULL, the caller's effective UID does not match the
              owner of the file, and the caller is not privileged (Linux: does
              not have the CAP_FOWNER capability).

       EROFS  path resides on a read-only filesystem.

CONFORMING TO
       utime(): SVr4, POSIX.1-2001.  POSIX.1-2008 marks utime() as obsolete.

       utimes(): 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.

NOTES
       Linux does not allow changing the timestamps on an immutable file, or
       setting the timestamps to something other than the current time on an
       append-only file.

SEE ALSO
       chattr(1), touch(1), futimesat(2), stat(2), utimensat(2), futimens(3),
       futimes(3), inode(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 5.04 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.




Linux                             2017-09-15                          UTIME(2)