xdotool

XDOTOOL(1)                                                            XDOTOOL(1)



NAME
       xdotool - command-line X11 automation tool

SYNOPSIS
       xdotool cmd args...

       Notation: Some documentation uses [window] to denote an optional window
       argument. This case means that the argument, if not present, will default
       to "%1". See "WINDOW STACK" for what "%1" means.

DESCRIPTION
       xdotool lets you programmatically (or manually) simulate keyboard input
       and mouse activity, move and resize windows, etc. It does this using
       X11's XTEST extension and other Xlib functions.

       There is some support for Extended Window Manager Hints (aka EWMH or
       NetWM).  See the "EXTENDED WINDOW MANAGER HINTS" section for more
       information.

KEYBOARD COMMANDS
       key [options] keystroke [keystroke ...]
           Options:

           --window window
               Send keystrokes to a specific window id. You can use "WINDOW
               STACK" references like "%1" and "%@" here. If there is a window
               stack, then "%1" is the default, otherwise the current window is
               used.

               See also: "SENDEVENT NOTES" and "WINDOW STACK"

           --clearmodifiers
               Clear modifiers before sending keystrokes. See CLEARMODIFIERS
               below.

           --delay milliseconds
               Delay between keystrokes. Default is 12ms.

           Type a given keystroke. Examples being "alt+r", "Control_L+J",
           "ctrl+alt+n", "BackSpace".

           Generally, any valid X Keysym string will work. Multiple keys are
           separated by '+'. Aliases exist for "alt", "ctrl", "shift", "super",
           and "meta" which all map to Foo_L, such as Alt_L and Control_L, etc.

           In cases where your keyboard doesn't actually have the key you want
           to type, xdotool will automatically find an unused keycode and use
           that to type the key.

           With respect to "COMMAND CHAINING", this command consumes the
           remainder of the arguments or until a new xdotool command is seen,
           because no xdotool commands are valid keystrokes.

           Example: Send the keystroke "F2"
            xdotool key F2

           Example: Send 'a' with an accent over it (not on English keyboards,
           but still works with xdotool)
            xdotool key Aacute

           Example: Send ctrl+l and then BackSpace as separate keystrokes:
            xdotool key ctrl+l BackSpace

           Example: Send ctrl+c to all windows matching title 'gdb' (See
           "COMMAND CHAINING")
            xdotool search --name gdb key ctrl+c

       keydown [options] keystroke
           Same as above, except only keydown (press) events are sent.

       keyup keystroke
           Same as above, except only keyup (release) events are sent.

       type [options] something to type
           Options:

           --window windowid
               Send keystrokes to a specific window id. See "SENDEVENT NOTES"
               below. The default, if no window is given, depends on the window
               stack. If the window stack is empty the current window is typed
               at using XTEST. Otherwise, the default is "%1" (see "WINDOW
               STACK").

           --delay milliseconds
               Delay between keystrokes. Default is 12ms.

           --clearmodifiers
               Clear modifiers before sending keystrokes. See CLEARMODIFIERS
               below.

           Types as if you had typed it. Supports newlines and tabs (ASCII
           newline and tab). Each keystroke is separated by a delay given by the
           --delay option.

           With respect to "COMMAND CHAINING", this command consumes the
           remainder of the arguments and types them. That is, no commands can
           chain after 'type'.

           Example: to type 'Hello world!' you would do:
            xdotool type 'Hello world!'

MOUSE COMMANDS
       mousemove [options] x y OR 'restore'
           Move the mouse to the specific X and Y coordinates on the screen.

           You can move the mouse to the previous location if you specify
           'restore' instead of an X and Y coordinate. Restoring only works if
           you have moved previously in this same command invocation. Further,
           it does not work with the --window option.

           For example, to click the top-left corner of the screen and move the
           mouse to the original position before you moved it, use this:
            xdotool mousemove 0 0 click 1 mousemove restore

           --window WINDOW
               Specify a window to move relative to. Coordinates 0,0 are at the
               top left of the window you choose.

               "WINDOW STACK" references are valid here, such as %1 and %@.
               Though, using %@ probably doesn't make sense.

           --screen SCREEN
               Move the mouse to the specified screen to move to. This is only
               useful if you have multiple screens and ARE NOT using Xinerama.

               The default is the current screen. If you specify --window, the
               --screen flag is ignored.

           --polar
               Use polar coordinates. This makes 'x' an angle (in degrees,
               0-360, etc) and 'y' the distance.

               Rotation starts at 'up' (0 degrees) and rotates clockwise: 90 =
               right, 180 = down, 270 = left.

               The origin defaults to the center of the current screen. If you
               specify a --window, then the origin is the center of that window.

           --clearmodifiers
               See CLEARMODIFIERS

           --sync
               After sending the mouse move request, wait until the mouse is
               actually moved. If no movement is necessary, we will not wait.
               This is useful for scripts that depend on actions being completed
               before moving on.

               Note: We wait until the mouse moves at all, not necessarily that
               it actually reaches your intended destination. Some applications
               lock the mouse cursor to certain regions of the screen, so
               waiting for any movement is better in the general case than
               waiting for a specific target.

       mousemove_relative [options] x y
           Move the mouse x,y pixels relative to the current position of the
           mouse cursor.

           --polar
               Use polar coordinates. This makes 'x' an angle (in degrees,
               0-360, etc) and 'y' the distance.

               Rotation starts at 'up' (0 degrees) and rotates clockwise: 90 =
               right, 180 = down, 270 = left.

           --sync
               After sending the mouse move request, wait until the mouse is
               actually moved. If no movement is necessary, we will not wait.
               This is useful for scripts that depend on actions being completed
               before moving on.

               Note that we wait until the mouse moves at all, not necessarily
               that it actually reaches your intended destination. Some
               applications lock the mouse cursor to certain regions of the
               screen, so waiting for any movement is better in the general case
               than waiting for a specific target.

           --clearmodifiers
               See CLEARMODIFIERS

       click [options] button
           Send a click, that is, a mousedown followed by mouseup for the given
           button with a short delay between the two (currently 12ms).

           Buttons generally map this way: Left mouse is 1, middle is 2, right
           is 3, wheel up is 4, wheel down is 5.

           --clearmodifiers
               Clear modifiers before clicking. See CLEARMODIFIERS below.

           --repeat REPEAT
               Specify how many times to click. Default is 1. For a double-
               click, use '--repeat 2'

           --delay MILLISECONDS
               Specify how long, in milliseconds, to delay between clicks. This
               option is not used if the --repeat flag is set to 1 (default).

           --window WINDOW
               Specify a window to send a click to. See "SENDEVENT NOTES" below
               for caveats. Uses the current mouse position when generating the
               event.

               The default, if no window is given, depends on the window stack.
               If the window stack is empty the current window is typed at using
               XTEST. Otherwise, the default is "%1" (see "WINDOW STACK").

       mousedown [options] button
           Same as click, except only a mouse down is sent.

       mouseup [options] button
           Same as click, except only a mouse up is sent.

       getmouselocation [--shell]
           Outputs the x, y, screen, and window id of the mouse cursor. Screen
           numbers will be nonzero if you have multiple monitors and are not
           using Xinerama.

           This command updates the window stack with the window id of the
           window directly underneath the mouse.

           --shell
               This makes getmouselocation output shell data you can eval.
               Example:

                % xdotool getmouselocation --shell
                X=880
                Y=443
                SCREEN=0
                WINDOW=16777250

                % eval $(xdotool getmouselocation --shell)
                % echo $X,$Y
                714,324

       behave_screen_edge [options] where command ...
           Bind an action to events when the mouse hits the screen edge or
           corner.

           Options are:

           --delay MILLISECONDS
               Delay in milliseconds before running the command. This allows you
               to require a given edge or corner to be held for a short period
               before your command will run. If you leave the edge or corner
               before the delay expires then the time will reset.

           --quiesce MILLISECONDS
               Delay in milliseconds before the next command will run. This
               helps prevent accidentally running your command extra times;
               especially useful if you have a very short --delay (like the
               default of 0).

           Event timeline

            * Mouse hits an edge or corner.
            * If delay is nonzero, the mouse must stay in this edge or corner until delay time expires.
            * If still in the edge/corner, trigger.
            * If quiesce is nonzero, then there is a cool-down period where the next
              trigger cannot occur

           Valid 'where' values are:

           left
           top-left
           top
           top-right
           right
           bottom-left
           bottom
           bottom-right

           Examples:
            # Activate google-chrome when you move the mouse to the bottom-left
           corner:
            xdotool behave_screen_edge bottom-left \
              search --class google-chrome windowactivate

            # Go to the next workspace (right). Known to work in GNOME (metacity and compiz)
            xdotool behave_screen_edge --delay 500 bottom-right key XF86Forward

            # Activate firefox and do a web search in a new tab for text in your clipboard
            xdotool behave_screen_edge --delay 1000 top-left \
                search --classname Navigator \
                windowactivate --sync key --delay 250 ctrl+t ctrl+k ctrl+v Return

WINDOW COMMANDS
       search [options] pattern
           Search for windows with titles, names, or classes with a regular
           expression pattern. The output is line-delimited list of X window
           identifiers. If you are using "COMMAND CHAINING", the search command
           will only write window ids to stdout if it is the last (or only)
           command in the chain; otherwise, it is silent.

           The result is saved to the window stack for future chained commands.
           See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for details.

           Patterns are POSIX extended regular expressions (ERE), e. g.
           "Chrom(e|ium)$" for windows ending in "Chrome" or "Chromium". See
           regex(7) for syntax details.  Matches are case-insensitive.

           The default options are "--name --class --classname --role" (unless
           you specify one or more of --name, --class, --classname, or --role).

           The options available are:

           --class
               Match against the window class.

           --classname
               Match against the window classname.

           --role
               Match against the window role.

           --maxdepth N
               Set recursion/child search depth. Default is -1, meaning
               infinite. 0 means no depth, only root windows will be searched.
               If you only want toplevel windows, set maxdepth of 1 (or 2,
               depending on how your window manager does decorations).

           --name
               Match against the window name. This is the same string that is
               displayed in the window titlebar.

           --onlyvisible
               Show only visible windows in the results. This means ones with
               map state IsViewable.

           --pid PID
               Match windows that belong to a specific process id. This may not
               work for some X applications that do not set this metadata on its
               windows.

           --screen N
               Select windows only on a specific screen. Default is to search
               all screens. Only meaningful if you have multiple displays and
               are not using Xinerama.

           --desktop N
               Only match windows on a certain desktop. 'N' is a number. The
               default is to search all desktops.

           --limit N
               Stop searching after finding N matching windows. Specifying a
               limit will help speed up your search if you only want a few
               results.

               The default is no search limit (which is equivalent to '--limit
               0')

           --title
               DEPRECATED. See --name.

           --all
               Require that all conditions be met. For example:

                xdotool search --all --pid 1424 --name "Hello World"

               This will match only windows that have "Hello World" as a name
               and are owned by pid 1424.

           --any
               Match windows that match any condition (logically, 'or'). This is
               on by default. For example:

                xdotool search --any --pid 1424 --name "Hello World"

               This will match any windows owned by pid 1424 or windows with
               name "Hello World"

           --sync
               Block until there are results. This is useful when you are
               launching an application and want to wait until the application
               window is visible.  For example:

                google-chrome &
                xdotool search --sync --onlyvisible --class "google-chrome"

       selectwindow
           Get the window id (for a client) by clicking on it. Useful for having
           scripts query you humans for what window to act on. For example,
           killing a window by clicking on it:

            xdotool selectwindow windowkill

       behave window action command ...
           Bind an action to an event on a window. This lets you run additional
           xdotool commands whenever a matched event occurs.

           The command run as a result of the behavior is run with %1 being the
           window that was acted upon. Examples follow after the event list.

           The following are valid events:

           mouse-enter
               Fires when the mouse enters a window. This is similar to 'mouse
               over' events in javascript, if that helps.

           mouse-leave
               Fires when the mouse leaves a window. This is the opposite of
               'mouse-enter'

           mouse-click
               Fires when the mouse is clicked. Specifically, when the mouse
               button is released.

           focus
               Fires when the window gets input focus.

           blur
               Fires when the window loses focus.

           Examples:

            # Print the cursor location whenever the mouse enters a currently-visible
            # window:
            xdotool search --onlyvisible . behave %@ mouse-enter getmouselocation

            # Print the window title and pid whenever an xterm gets focus
            xdotool search --class xterm behave %@ focus getwindowname getwindowpid

            # Emulate focus-follows-mouse
            xdotool search . behave %@ mouse-enter windowfocus

       getwindowpid [window]
           Output the PID owning a given window. This requires effort from the
           application owning a window and may not work for all windows. This
           uses _NET_WM_PID property of the window. See "EXTENDED WINDOW MANAGER
           HINTS" below for more information.

           If no window is given, the default is '%1'. If no windows are on the
           stack, then this is an error. See "WINDOW STACK" for more details.

           Example: Find the PID for all xterms:
            xdotool search --class xterm getwindowpid %@

       getwindowname [window]
           Output the name of a given window, also known as the title. This is
           the text displayed in the window's titlebar by your window manager.

           If no window is given, the default is '%1'. If no windows are on the
           stack, then this is an error. See "WINDOW STACK" for more details.

       getwindowgeometry [options] [window]
           Output the geometry (location and position) of a window. The values
           include: x, y, width, height, and screen number.

           --shell
               Output values suitable for 'eval' in a shell.

       getwindowfocus [-f]
           Prints the window id of the currently focused window. Saves the
           result to the window stack. See "WINDOW STACK" for more details.

           If the current window has no WM_CLASS property, we assume it is not a
           normal top-level window and traverse up the parents until we find a
           window with a WM_CLASS set and return that window id.

           If you really want the window currently having focus and don't care
           if it has a WM_CLASS setting, then use 'getwindowfocus -f'

       windowsize [options] [window] width height
           Set the window size of the given window. If no window is given, %1 is
           the default.  See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more
           details.

           Percentages are valid for width and height. They are relative to the
           geometry of the screen the window is on. For example, to make a
           window the full width of the screen, but half height:

            xdotool windowsize I<window> 100% 50%

           Percentages are valid with --usehints and still mean pixel-width
           relative to the screen size.

           The options available are:

           --usehints
               Use window sizing hints (when available) to set width and height.
               This is useful on terminals for setting the size based on
               row/column of text rather than pixels.

           --sync
               After sending the window size request, wait until the window is
               actually resized. If no change is necessary, we will not wait.
               This is useful for scripts that depend on actions being completed
               before moving on.

               Note: Because many window managers may ignore or alter the
               original resize request, we will wait until the size changes from
               its original size, not necessary to the requested size.

           Example: To set a terminal to be 80x24 characters, you would use:
            xdotool windowsize --usehints some_windowid 80 24

       windowmove [options] [window] x y
           Move the window to the given position. If no window is given, %1 is
           the default. See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more
           details.

           If the given x coordinate is literally 'x', then the window's current
           x position will be unchanged. The same applies for 'y'.

           Examples:

            xdotool getactivewindow windowmove 100 100    # Moves to 100,100
            xdotool getactivewindow windowmove x 100      # Moves to x,100
            xdotool getactivewindow windowmove 100 y      # Moves to 100,y
            xdotool getactivewindow windowmove 100 y      # Moves to 100,y

           Percentages are valid for width and height. They are relative to the
           geometry of the screen the window is on. For example, to make a
           window the full width of the screen, but half height:

            xdotool windowmove I<window> 100% 50%

           --sync
               After sending the window move request, wait until the window is
               actually moved. If no movement is necessary, we will not wait.
               This is useful for scripts that depend on actions being completed
               before moving on.

           --relative
               Make movement relative to the current window position.

       windowfocus [options] [window]
           Focus a window. If no window is given, %1 is the default. See "WINDOW
           STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

           Uses XSetInputFocus which may be ignored by some window managers or
           programs.

           --sync
               After sending the window focus request, wait until the window is
               actually focused. This is useful for scripts that depend on
               actions being completed before moving on.

       windowmap [options] [window]
           Map a window. In X11 terminology, mapping a window means making it
           visible on the screen. If no window is given, %1 is the default. See
           "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

           --sync
               After requesting the window map, wait until the window is
               actually mapped (visible). This is useful for scripts that depend
               on actions being completed before moving on.

       windowminimize [options] [window]
           Minimize a window. In X11 terminology, this is called 'iconify.'  If
           no window is given, %1 is the default. See "WINDOW STACK" and
           "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

           --sync
               After requesting the window minimize, wait until the window is
               actually minimized. This is useful for scripts that depend on
               actions being completed before moving on.

       windowraise [window_id=%1]
           Raise the window to the top of the stack. This may not work on all
           window managers. If no window is given, %1 is the default. See
           "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

       windowreparent [source_window] destination_window
           Reparent a window. This moves the source_window to be a child window
           of destination_window. If no source is given, %1 is the default.
           "WINDOW STACK" window references (like %1) are valid for both
           source_window and destination_window See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND
           CHAINING" for more details.

       windowclose [window]
           Close a window. This action will destroy the window, but will not try
           to kill the client controlling it. If no window is given, %1 is the
           default. See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

       windowquit [window]
           Close a window gracefully. This action sends a request, allowing the
           application to apply close confirmation mechanics. If no window is
           given, %1 is the default. See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING"
           for more details.

       windowkill [window]
           Kill a window. This action will destroy the window and kill the
           client controlling it. If no window is given, %1 is the default. See
           WINDOW STACK and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

       windowunmap [options] [window_id=%1]
           Unmap a window, making it no longer appear on your screen. If no
           window is given, %1 is the default. See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND
           CHAINING" for more details.

           --sync
               After requesting the window unmap, wait until the window is
               actually unmapped (hidden). This is useful for scripts that
               depend on actions being completed before moving on.

       set_window [options] [windowid=%1]
           Set properties about a window. If no window is given, %1 is the
           default. See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

           Options:

           --name newname
               Set window WM_NAME (the window title, usually)

           --icon-name newiconname
               Set window WM_ICON_NAME (the window title when minimized,
               usually)

           --role newrole
               Set window WM_WINDOW_ROLE

           --classname newclassname
               Set window class name (not to be confused with window class)

           --class newclass
               Set window class (not to be confused with window class name)

           --urgency value
               Set window urgency hint. If the value is 1, the window will be
               marked urgent, and the window manager will somehow highlight it
               for the user's attention.  If the value is 0, the window will be
               marked non-urgent.

           --overrideredirect value
               Set window's override_redirect value. This value is a hint to the
               window manager for whether or not it should be managed. If the
               redirect value is 0, then the window manager will draw borders
               and treat this window normally. If the value is 1, the window
               manager will ignore this window.

               If you change this value, your window manager may not notice the
               change until the window is mapped again, so you may want to issue
               'windowunmap' and 'windowmap' to make the window manager take
               note.

DESKTOP AND WINDOW COMMANDS
       These commands follow the EWMH standard. See the section "EXTENDED WINDOW
       MANAGER HINTS" for more information.

       windowactivate [options] [window]
           Activate the window. This command is different from windowfocus: if
           the window is on another desktop, we will switch to that desktop. It
           also uses a different method for bringing the window up. I recommend
           trying this command before using windowfocus, as it will work on more
           window managers.

           If no window is given, %1 is the default. See "WINDOW STACK" and
           "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

           --sync
               After sending the window activation, wait until the window is
               actually activated. This is useful for scripts that depend on
               actions being completed before moving on.

       getactivewindow
           Output the current active window. This command is often more reliable
           than getwindowfocus. The result is saved to the window stack. See
           "WINDOW STACK" for more details.

       windowstate [--add PROPERTY] [--remove PROPERTY] [--toggle PROPERTY]
       [window]
           Change a property on a window.

           Some properties may have no effect some windows or in some window
           managers.

           Properties can be any of:

           MODAL - makes the window into a modal
           STICKY - makes the window appear on all workspaces
           MAXIMIZED_VERT - sizes the window maximized vertically
           MAXIMIZED_HORZ - sizes the window maximized horizontally
           ABOVE - Show window above all others (always on top)
           BELOW - Show window below all others
           SKIP_TASKBAR - hides the window from the taskbar
           SKIP_PAGER - hides the window from the window pager
           FULLSCREEN - makes window fullscreen
           HIDDEN - unmaps the window
           SHADED - rolls the window up
           DEMANDS_ATTENTION - marks window urgent or needing attention

           This feature requires a window manager which supports EWMH. Most
           window managers probably support this :)

       getwindowclassname [window]
           Prints the class name for the window.

       set_num_desktops number
           Changes the number of desktops or workspaces.

       get_num_desktops
           Output the current number of desktops.

       get_desktop_viewport [--shell]
           Report the current viewport's position. If --shell is given, the
           output is friendly to shell eval.

           Viewports are sometimes used instead of 'virtual desktops' on some
           window managers. A viewport is simply a view on a very large desktop
           area.

       set_desktop_viewport x y
           Move the viewport to the given position. Not all requests will be
           obeyed - some windowmangers only obey requests that align to
           workspace boundaries, such as the screen size.

           For example, if your screen is 1280x800, you can move to the 2nd
           workspace by doing:
            xdotool set_desktop_viewport 1280 0

       set_desktop [options] desktop_number
           Change the current view to the specified desktop.

           --relative
               Use relative movements instead of absolute. This lets you move
               relative to the current desktop.

       get_desktop
           Output the current desktop in view.

       set_desktop_for_window [window] desktop_number
           Move a window to a different desktop. If no window is given, %1 is
           the default. See "WINDOW STACK" and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more
           details.

       get_desktop_for_window [window]
           Output the desktop currently containing the given window. Move a
           window to a different desktop. If no window is given, %1 is the
           default. See WINDOW STACK and "COMMAND CHAINING" for more details.

MISCELLANEOUS COMMANDS
       exec [options] command [...]
           Execute a program. This is often useful when combined with
           behave_screen_edge to do things like locking your screen.

           Options:

           --sync
               Block until the child process exits. The child process exit
               status is then passed to the parent process (xdotool) which
               copies it.

           Examples:
            # Lock the screen when the mouse sits in the top-right corner
            xdotool behave_screen_edge --delay 1000 top-right \
              exec gnome-screensaver-command --lock
            # Substitute 'xscreensaver-command -lock' if you use that program.

            # The following will fail to move the mouse because we use '--sync' and
            # /bin/false exits nonzero:
            xdotool exec --sync /bin/false mousemove 0 0

            # This succeeds, though, since we do not use --sync on the exec command.
            xdotool exec /bin/false mousemove 0 0

       sleep seconds
           Sleep for a specified period. Fractions of seconds (like 1.3, or 0.4)
           are valid, here.

SCRIPTS
       xdotool can read a list of commands via stdin or a file if you want. A
       script will fail when any command fails.

       Truthfully, 'script' mode isn't fully fleshed out and may fall below your
       expectations. If you have suggestions, please email the list or file a
       bug (See CONTACT).

       Scripts can use positional arguments (Represented by $1, $2, ...) and
       environment variables (like $HOME or $WINDOWID). Quoting arguments should
       work as expected.

       Scripts are processed for parameter and environment variable expansion
       and then run as if you had invoked xdotool with the entire script on one
       line (using COMMAND CHAINING).

       •   Read commands from a file:

            xdotool filename

       •   Read commands from stdin:

            xdotool -

       •   Read commands from a redirected file

            xdotool - < myfile

       You can also write scripts that only execute xdotool. Example:

        #!/usr/local/bin/xdotool
        search --onlyvisible --classname $1

        windowsize %@ $2 $3
        windowraise %@

        windowmove %1 0 0
        windowmove %2 $2 0
        windowmove %3 0 $3
        windowmove %4 $2 $3

       This script will take all windows matched by the classname query given by
       arg1 ($1) and sizes/moves them into a 2x2 grid with windows sized by the
       2nd and 3rd parameters.

       Here's an example usage:

        % ./myscript xterm 600 400

       Running it like this will take 4 visible xterms, raise them, and move
       them into a 2x2 tile grid with each window 600x400 pixels in size.

CLEARMODIFIERS
       Any command taking the --clearmodifiers flag will attempt to clear any
       active input modifiers during the command and restore them afterwards.

       For example, if you were to run this command:
        xdotool key a

       The result would be 'a' or 'A' depending on whether or not you were
       holding the shift key on your keyboard. Often it is undesirable to have
       any modifiers active, so you can tell xdotool to clear any active
       modifiers.

       The order of operations if you hold shift while running 'xdotool key
       --clearmodifiers a' is this:

       1. Query for all active modifiers (finds shift, in this case)
       2. Try to clear shift by sending 'key up' for the shift key
       3. Runs normal 'xdotool key a'
       4. Restore shift key by sending 'key down' for shift

       The --clearmodifiers flag can currently clear of the following:

       •   any key in your active keymap that has a modifier associated with it.
           (See xmodmap(1)'s 'xmodmap -pm' output)

       •   mouse buttons (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5)

       •   caps lock

SENDEVENT NOTES
       If you are trying to send key input to a specific window, and it does not
       appear to be working, then it's likely your application is ignoring the
       events xdotool is generating. This is fairly common.

       Sending keystrokes to a specific window uses a different API than simply
       typing to the active window. If you specify 'xdotool type --window 12345
       hello' xdotool will generate key events and send them directly to window
       12345.  However, X11 servers will set a special flag on all events
       generated in this way (see XEvent.xany.send_event in X11's manual). Many
       programs observe this flag and reject these events.

       It is important to note that for key and mouse events, we only use
       XSendEvent when a specific window is targeted. Otherwise, we use XTEST.

       Some programs can be configured to accept events even if they are
       generated by xdotool. Seek the documentation of your application for
       help.

       Specific application notes (from the author's testing): * Firefox 3 seems
       to ignore all input when it does not have focus.  * xterm can be
       configured while running with ctrl+leftclick, 'Allow SendEvents' * gnome-
       terminal appears to accept generated input by default.

WINDOW STACK
       Certain commands (search, getactivewindow, getwindowfocus) will find
       windows for you. These results generally printed to stdout, but they are
       also saved to memory for future use during the lifetime of the xdotool
       process. See "COMMAND CHAINING" for more information.

       The only modifications support for the window stack are to replace it.
       That is, two of two sequential searches, only the last one's results will
       be the window stack.

COMMAND CHAINING
       xdotool supports running multiple commands on a single invocation.
       Generally, you'll start with a search command (see "WINDOW STACK") and
       then perform a set of actions on those results.

       To query the window stack, you can use special notation "%N" where N is a
       number or the '@' symbol. If %N is given, the Nth window will be selected
       from the window stack. Generally you will only want the first window or
       all windows.  Note that the order of windows in the window stack
       corresponds to the window stacking order, i.e. the bottom-most window
       will be reported first (see XQueryTree(3)). Thus the order of the windows
       in the window stack may not be consistent across invocations.

       The notation described above is used as the "window" argument for any
       given command.

       For example, to resize all xterms to 80x24:

        xdotool search --class xterm -- windowsize --usehints %@ 80 24

       Resize move the current window:

        xdotool getactivewindow windowmove 0 0

       In all cases, the default window argument, if omitted, will default to
       "%1". It is obviously an error if you omit the window argument and the
       window stack is empty. If you try to use the window stack and it is
       empty, it is also an error.

       To activate the first firefox window found:

        xdotool search --class firefox windowactivate

       These would error:

        xdotool windowactivate
        xdotool windowactivate %1
        xdotool windowactivate %@

       When xdotool exits, the current window stack is lost.

       Additionally, commands that modify the "WINDOW STACK" will not print the
       results if they are not the last command. For example:

        # Output the active window:
        % xdotool getactivewindow
        20971533

        # Output the pid of the active window, but not the active window id:
        % xdotool getactivewindow getwindowpid
        4686

EXTENDED WINDOW MANAGER HINTS
       The following pieces of the EWMH standard are supported:

       _NET_SUPPORTED
           Asks the window manager what is supported

       _NET_CURRENT_DESKTOP
           Query and set the current desktop. Support for this enables these
           commands: "set_desktop", "get_desktop".

       _NET_WM_DESKTOP
           Query and set what desktop a window is living in. Support for this
           enables these commands: "set_desktop_for_window",
           "get_desktop_for_window".

       _NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW
           Allows you to query and set the active window by asking the window
           manager to bring it forward. Support for this enables these commands:
           "windowactivate", "getactivewindow".

       _NET_WM_PID
           This feature is application dependent, not window-manager dependent.
           Query the PID owning a given window. Support for this enables these
           commands: "getwindowpid".

SUPPORTED FEATURES
       xdotool (and libxdo) will try to function under all circumstances.
       However, there may be some cases where functionality is not provided by
       your X server or by your window manager. In these cases, xdotool will try
       to detect and tell you if an action requires a feature not currently
       supported by your system.

       For window-manager specific features, see "EXTENDED WINDOW MANAGER
       HINTS".

       XTEST
           If your X server does not support XTEST, then some typing and mouse
           movement features may not work. Specifically, typing and mouse
           actions that act on the "current window" (window 0 in libxdo) are
           unlikely to work.

           In most cases, XTEST is a feature you can enable on your X server if
           it is not enabled by default.

           You can see the list of supported X extensions by typing 'xdpyinfo'
           and looking the text 'number of extensions: ...'

BUGS
       Typing unusual symbols under non-us keybindings is known to occasionally
       send the wrong character.

SEE ALSO
       xprop(1), xwininfo(1),

       Project site: <http://www.semicomplete.com/projects/xdotool>

       Source code and Issues: <https://github.com/jordansissel/xdotool>

       EWMH specification:
       <http://standards.freedesktop.org/wm-spec/wm-spec-1.3.html>

CONTACT
       Please send questions to xdotool-users@googlegroups.com. File bugs and
       feature requests at the following URL:

       <https://github.com/jordansissel/xdotool/issues>

       Alternately, if you prefer email, feel free to file bugs by emailing the
       list.  What works for you :)

AUTHOR
       xdotool was written by Jordan Sissel.

       This manual page was written originally by Daniel Kahn Gillmor
       <dkg@fifthhorseman.net> for the Debian project (but may be used by
       others). It is maintained by Jordan Sissel.

       Patches, ideas, and other contributions by many, nice folks. See the
       CHANGELIST file for who provided what.



                                   2021-10-23                         XDOTOOL(1)