XINIT(1)                    General Commands Manual                   XINIT(1)

       xinit - X Window System initializer

       xinit [ [ client ] options ... ] [ -- [ server ] [ display ] options
       ... ]

       The xinit program is used to start the X Window System server and a
       first client program on systems that are not using a display manager
       such as xdm(1) or in environments that use multiple window systems.
       When this first client exits, xinit will kill the X server and then

       If no specific client program is given on the command line, xinit will
       look for a file in the user's home directory called .xinitrc to run as
       a shell script to start up client programs.  If no such file exists,
       xinit will use the following as a default:

            xterm  -geometry  +1+1  -n  login  -display  :0

       If no specific server program is given on the command line, xinit will
       look for a file in the user's home directory called .xserverrc to run
       as a shell script to start up the server.  If no such file exists,
       xinit will use the following as a default:

            X  :0

       Note that this assumes that there is a program named X in the current
       search path.  The site administrator should, therefore, make a link to
       the appropriate type of server on the machine, or create a shell script
       that runs xinit with the appropriate server.

       Note, when using a .xserverrc script be sure to ``exec'' the real X
       server.  Failing to do this can make the X server slow to start and
       exit.  For example:

            exec Xdisplaytype

       An important point is that programs which are run by .xinitrc should be
       run in the background if they do not exit right away, so that they
       don't prevent other programs from starting up.  However, the last long-
       lived program started (usually a window manager or terminal emulator)
       should be left in the foreground so that the script won't exit (which
       indicates that the user is done and that xinit should exit).

       An alternate client and/or server may be specified on the command line.
       The desired client program and its arguments should be given as the
       first command line arguments to xinit.  To specify a particular server
       command line, append a double dash (--) to the xinit command line
       (after any client and arguments) followed by the desired server

       Both the client program name and the server program name must begin
       with a slash (/) or a period (.).  Otherwise, they are treated as an
       arguments to be appended to their respective startup lines.  This makes
       it possible to add arguments (for example, foreground and background
       colors) without having to retype the whole command line.

       If an explicit server name is not given and the first argument
       following the double dash (--) is a colon followed by a digit, xinit
       will use that number as the display number instead of zero.  All
       remaining arguments are appended to the server command line.

       Below are several examples of how command line arguments in xinit are

       xinit   This will start up a server named X and run the user's
               .xinitrc, if it exists, or else start an xterm.

       xinit -- /usr/bin/Xvnc  :1
               This is how one could start a specific type of server on an
               alternate display.

       xinit -geometry =80x65+10+10 -fn 8x13 -j -fg white -bg navy
               This will start up a server named X, and will append the given
               arguments to the default xterm command.  It will ignore

       xinit -e widgets -- ./Xorg -l -c
               This will use the command ./Xorg -l -c to start the server and
               will append the arguments -e widgets to the default xterm

       xinit /usr/ucb/rsh fasthost cpupig -display ws:1 --  :1 -a 2 -t 5
               This will start a server named X on display 1 with the
               arguments -a 2 -t 5.  It will then start a remote shell on the
               machine fasthost in which it will run the command cpupig,
               telling it to display back on the local workstation.

       Below is a sample .xinitrc that starts a clock, several terminals, and
       leaves the window manager running as the ``last'' application.
       Assuming that the window manager has been configured properly, the user
       then chooses the ``Exit'' menu item to shut down X.

               xrdb -load $HOME/.Xresources
               xsetroot -solid gray &
               xclock -g 50x50-0+0 -bw 0 &
               xload -g 50x50-50+0 -bw 0 &
               xterm -g 80x24+0+0 &
               xterm -g 80x24+0-0 &

       Sites that want to create a common startup environment could simply
       create a default .xinitrc that references a site-wide startup file:

               . /etc/X11/xinit/site.xinitrc

       Another approach is to write a script that starts xinit with a specific
       shell script.  Such scripts are usually named x11, xstart, or startx
       and are a convenient way to provide a simple interface for novice

               xinit /etc/X11/xinit/site.xinitrc -- /usr/bin/X -br

       DISPLAY        This variable gets set to the name of the display to
                      which clients should connect.

       XINITRC        This variable specifies an init file containing shell
                      commands to start up the initial windows.  By default,
                      .xinitrc in the home directory will be used.

       .xinitrc       default client script

       xterm          client to run if .xinitrc does not exist

       .xserverrc     default server script

       X              server to run if .xserverrc does not exist

       X(7), startx(1), Xserver(1), Xorg(1), xorg.conf(5), xterm(1)

       Bob Scheifler, MIT Laboratory for Computer Science

X Version 11                      xinit 1.4.1                         XINIT(1)