XRANDR(1)                    General Commands Manual                   XRANDR(1)

       xrandr - primitive command line interface to RandR extension

       xrandr [--help]  [--display display] [-q] [-v] [--verbose] [--dryrun]
       [--screen snum] [--q1] [--q12] [--current] [--noprimary] [--panning
       [--scale x[xy]] [--scale-from wxh] [--transform a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i]
       [--primary] [--prop] [--fb widthxheight] [--fbmm widthxheight] [--dpi
       dpi] [--dpi from-output] [--newmode name mode] [--rmmode name] [--addmode
       output name] [--delmode output name] [--output output] [--auto] [--mode
       mode] [--preferred] [--pos xxy] [--rate rate] [--reflect reflection]
       [--rotate orientation] [--left-of output] [--right-of output] [--above
       output] [--below output] [--same-as output] [--set property value]
       [--off] [--crtc crtc] [--gamma red[:green:blue]] [--brightness
       brightness] [-o orientation] [-s size] [-r rate] [-x] [-y]
       [--listproviders] [--setprovideroutputsource provider source]
       [--setprovideroffloadsink provider sink] [--listmonitors]
       [--listactivemonitors] [--setmonitor name geometry outputs] [--delmonitor

       Xrandr is used to set the size, orientation and/or reflection of the
       outputs for a screen. It can also set the screen size.

       If invoked without any option, it will dump the state of the outputs,
       showing the existing modes for each of them, with a '+' after the
       preferred modes and a '*' after the current mode.

       There are a few global options. Other options modify the last output that
       is specified in earlier parameters in the command line. Multiple outputs
       may be modified at the same time by passing multiple --output options
       followed immediately by their corresponding modifying options.

       --help Print out a summary of the usage and exit.

       -v, --version
              Print out the RandR version reported by the X server and exit.

              Causes xrandr to be more verbose. When used with -q (or without
              other options), xrandr will display more information about the
              server state. Please note that the gamma and brightness
              informations are only approximations of the complete color profile
              stored in the server. When used along with options that
              reconfigure the system, progress will be reported while executing
              the configuration changes.

       -q, --query
              When this option is present, or when no configuration changes are
              requested, xrandr will display the current state of the system.

              Performs all the actions specified except that no changes are

              Apply the modifications without grabbing the screen. It avoids to
              block other applications during the update but it might also cause
              some applications that detect screen resize to receive old values.

       -d, --display name
              This option selects the X display to use. Note this refers to the
              X screen abstraction, not the monitor (or output).

       --screen snum
              This option selects which screen to manipulate. Note this refers
              to the X screen abstraction, not the monitor (or output).

       --q1   Forces the usage of the RandR version 1.1 protocol, even if a
              higher version is available.

       --q12  Forces the usage of the RandR version 1.2 protocol, even if the
              display does not report it as supported or a higher version is

RandR version 1.5 options
       Options for RandR 1.5 are used as a superset of the options for RandR

              Report information about all defined monitors.

              Report information about currently active monitors.

       --setmonitor name geometry outputs
              Define a new monitor with the given geometry and associated to the
              given outputs.  The output list is either the keyword none or a
              comma-separated list of outputs.  The geometry is either the
              keyword auto, in which case the monitor will automatically track
              the geometry of the associated outputs, or a manual specification
              in the form w/mmwxh/mmh+x+y where w, h, x, y are in pixels and
              mmw, mmh are the physical dimensions of the monitor.

       --delmonitor name
              Delete the given user-defined monitor.

RandR version 1.4 options
       Options for RandR 1.4 are used as a superset of the options for RandR

              Report information about the providers available.

       --setprovideroutputsource provider source
              Set source as the source of display output images for provider.
              This is only possible if source and provider have the Source
              Output and Sink Output capabilities, respectively.  If source is
              0x0, then provider is disconnected from its current output source.

       --setprovideroffloadsink provider sink
              Set provider as a render offload device for sink.  This is only
              possible if provider and sink have the Source Offload and Sink
              Offload capabilities, respectively.  If sink is 0x0, then provider
              is disconnected from its current render offload sink.

RandR version 1.3 options
       Options for RandR 1.3 are used as a superset of the options for RandR

              Return the current screen configuration, without polling for
              hardware changes.

              Don't define a primary output.

       Per-output options

              This option sets the panning parameters.  As soon as panning is
              enabled, the CRTC position can change with every pointer move.
              The first four parameters specify the total panning area, the next
              four the pointer tracking area (which defaults to the same area).
              The last four parameters specify the border and default to 0. A
              width or height set to zero disables panning on the according
              axis. You typically have to set the screen size with --fb

       --transform a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i
              Specifies a transformation matrix to apply on the output.  A
              bilinear filter is selected automatically unless the --filter
              parameter is also specified.  The mathematical form corresponds
                     a b c
                     d e f
                     g h i
              The transformation is based on homogeneous coordinates. The matrix
              multiplied by the coordinate vector of a pixel of the output gives
              the transformed coordinate vector of a pixel in the graphic
              buffer.  More precisely, the vector (x y) of the output pixel is
              extended to 3 values (x y w), with 1 as the w coordinate and
              multiplied against the matrix. The final device coordinates of the
              pixel are then calculated with the so-called homogenic division by
              the transformed w coordinate.  In other words, the device
              coordinates (x' y') of the transformed pixel are:
                     x' = (ax + by + c) / w'   and
                     y' = (dx + ey + f) / w'   ,
                     with  w' = (gx + hy + i)  .
              Typically, a and e corresponds to the scaling on the X and Y axes,
              c and f corresponds to the translation on those axes, and g, h,
              and i are respectively 0, 0 and 1. The matrix can also be used to
              express more complex transformations such as keystone correction,
              or rotation.  For a rotation of an angle T, this formula can be
                     cos T  -sin T   0
                     sin T   cos T   0
                      0       0      1
              As a special argument, instead of passing a matrix, one can pass
              the string none, in which case the default values are used (a unit
              matrix without filter).

       --filter filtermode
              Chooses the scaling filter method to be applied when the screen is
              scaled or transformed.  Can be either 'bilinear' or 'nearest'.

       --scale x[xy]
              Changes the dimensions of the output picture.  If the y value is
              omitted, the x value will be used for both dimensions.  Values
              larger than 1 lead to a compressed screen (screen dimension bigger
              than the dimension of the output mode), and values less than 1
              lead to a zoom in on the output.  This option is actually a
              shortcut version of the --transform option.

       --scale-from wxh
              Specifies the size in pixels of the area of the framebuffer to be
              displayed on this output.  This option is actually a shortcut
              version of the --transform option.

              Set the output as primary.  It will be sorted first in Xinerama
              and RANDR geometry requests.

RandR version 1.2 options
       These options are only available for X server supporting RandR version
       1.2 or newer.

       --prop, --properties
              This option causes xrandr to display the contents of properties
              for each output. --verbose also enables --prop.

       --fb widthxheight
              Reconfigures the screen to the specified size. All configured
              monitors must fit within this size. When this option is not
              provided, xrandr computes the smallest screen size that will hold
              the set of configured outputs; this option provides a way to
              override that behaviour.

       --fbmm widthxheight
              Sets the value reported as physical size of the X screen as a
              whole (union of all configured monitors). In configurations with
              multiple monitors with different DPIs, the value has no physical
              meaning, but it may be used by some legacy clients which do not
              support RandR version 1.2 to compute a reference font scaling.
              Normally, xrandr resets the reported physical size values to keep
              the DPI constant.  This overrides that computation. Default DPI
              value is 96.

       --dpi dpi

       --dpi from-output
              This also sets the value reported as physical size of the X screen
              as a whole (union of all configured monitors). In configurations
              with multiple monitors with different DPIs, the value has no
              physical meaning, but it may be used by some legacy clients which
              do not support RandR version 1.2 to compute a reference font
              scaling. This option uses either the specified DPI value, or the
              DPI of the given output, to compute an appropriate physical size
              using whatever pixel size will be set. Typical values are the
              default (96 DPI), the DPI of the only monitor in single-monitor
              configurations, or the DPI of the primary monitor in multi-monitor

       --newmode name mode
              New modelines can be added to the server and then associated with
              outputs.  This option does the former. The mode is specified using
              the ModeLine syntax for xorg.conf: clock hdisp hsyncstart hsyncend
              htotal vdisp vsyncstart vsyncend vtotal flags. flags can be zero
              or more of +HSync, -HSync, +VSync, -VSync, Interlace, DoubleScan,
              CSync, +CSync, -CSync. Several tools permit to compute the usual
              modeline from a height, width, and refresh rate, for instance you
              can use cvt.

       --rmmode name
              This removes a mode from the server if it is otherwise unused.

       --addmode output name
              Add a mode to the set of valid modes for an output.

       --delmode output name
              Remove a mode from the set of valid modes for an output.

       Per-output options

       --output output
              Selects an output to reconfigure. Use either the name of the
              output or the XID.

       --auto For connected but disabled outputs, this will enable them using
              their first preferred mode (or, something close to 96dpi if they
              have no preferred mode). For disconnected but enabled outputs,
              this will disable them.

       --mode mode
              This selects a mode. Use either the name or the XID for mode

              This selects the same mode as --auto, but it doesn't automatically
              enable or disable the output.

       --pos xxy
              Position the output within the screen using pixel coordinates. In
              case reflection or rotation is applied, the translation is applied
              after the effects.

       --rate rate
              This marks a preference for refresh rates close to the specified
              value, when multiple modes have the same name, this will select
              the one with the nearest refresh rate.

       --reflect reflection
              Reflection can be one of 'normal' 'x', 'y' or 'xy'. This causes
              the output contents to be reflected across the specified axes.

       --rotate rotation
              Rotation can be one of 'normal', 'left', 'right' or 'inverted'.
              This causes the output contents to be rotated in the specified
              direction. 'right' specifies a clockwise rotation of the picture
              and 'left' specifies a counter-clockwise rotation.

       --left-of, --right-of, --above, --below, --same-as another-output
              Use one of these options to position the output relative to the
              position of another output. This allows convenient tiling of
              outputs within the screen.  The position is always computed
              relative to the new position of the other output, so it is not
              valid to say --output a --left-of b --output b --left-of a.

       --set property value
              Sets an output property. Integer properties may be specified as a
              valid (see --prop) comma-separated list of decimal or hexadecimal
              (with a leading 0x) values.  Atom properties may be set to any of
              the valid atoms (see --prop).  String properties may be set to any

       --off  Disables the output.

       --crtc crtc
              Uses the specified crtc (either as an index in the list of CRTCs
              or XID).  In normal usage, this option is not required as xrandr
              tries to make sensible choices about which crtc to use with each
              output. When that fails for some reason, this option can override
              the normal selection.

       --gamma red[:green:blue]
              Set the specified floating point values as gamma correction on the
              crtc currently attached to this output.  If green and blue are not
              specified, the red value will be used for all three components.
              Note that you cannot get two different values for cloned outputs
              (i.e.: which share the same crtc) and that switching an output to
              another crtc doesn't change the crtc gamma corrections at all.

       --brightness brightness
              Multiply the gamma values on the crtc currently attached to the
              output to specified floating value. Useful for overly bright or
              overly dim outputs.  However, this is a software only
              modification, if your hardware has support to actually change the
              brightness, you will probably prefer to use xbacklight.

RandR version 1.1 options
       These options are available for X servers supporting RandR version 1.1 or
       older. They are still valid for newer X servers, but they don't interact
       sensibly with version 1.2 options on the same command line.

       -s, --size size-index or --size widthxheight
              This sets the screen size, either matching by size or using the
              index into the list of available sizes.

       -r, --rate, --refresh rate
              This sets the refresh rate closest to the specified value.

       -o, --orientation rotation
              This specifies the orientation of the screen, and can be one of
              normal, inverted, left or right.

       -x     Reflect across the X axis.

       -y     Reflect across the Y axis.

       Sets an output called LVDS to its preferred mode, and on its right put an
       output called VGA to preferred mode of a screen which has been physically
       rotated clockwise:
              xrandr --output LVDS --auto --rotate normal --pos 0x0 --output VGA
              --auto --rotate left --right-of LVDS

       Forces to use a 1024x768 mode on an output called VGA:
              xrandr --newmode "1024x768" 63.50  1024 1072 1176 1328  768 771
              775 798 -hsync +vsync
              xrandr --addmode VGA 1024x768
              xrandr --output VGA --mode 1024x768

       Enables panning on a 1600x768 desktop while displaying 1024x768 mode on
       an output called VGA:
              xrandr --fb 1600x768 --output VGA --mode 1024x768 --panning 1600x0

       Have one small 1280x800 LVDS screen showing a small version of a huge
       3200x2000 desktop, and have a big VGA screen display the surrounding of
       the mouse at normal size.
              xrandr --fb 3200x2000 --output LVDS --scale 2.5x2.5 --output VGA
              --pos 0x0 --panning 3200x2000+0+0/3200x2000+0+0/64/64/64/64

       Displays the VGA output in trapezoid shape so that it is keystone
       corrected when the projector is slightly above the screen:
              xrandr --fb 1024x768 --output VGA --transform

       Xrandr(3), cvt(1), xkeystone(1), xbacklight(1)

       Keith Packard, Open Source Technology Center, Intel Corporation.  and Jim
       Gettys, Cambridge Research Laboratory, HP Labs, HP.

X Version 11                      xrandr 1.5.1                         XRANDR(1)